The Best Bitcoin Cash Wallets in Review Comparison and Guide

Bitcoin Fullnode Install Guide for Dummies ;-)

Bitcoin Fullnode Install Guide for Dummies ;-)
Feel free to stop at Level 0 or Level 1, which is fine. More advanced configs are offered to those with more tech savvy. This guide, obviously assumes a Windows 10 install, but other OSes work fine, just find a different guide. BTW, the "For Dummies" is a callback to a set of "tech" books in the 90's intended to be as easy as possible. It is in jest and not intended to insult the reader. Finally, if you dislike the formatting, a well formatted copy can be found here
There is a fairly small subset of Bitcoin users that run a full node. I think the idea of running a full node has gotten a bad rap over the years since there is so much talk about running on a Raspberry Pi, or getting zippy SSDs. Although all of this can be fun, it is often not really required at all. Here are some ways to run a full node starting with the very simple. I'll get into more complex configs, but these are all optional.

Tech Skill Level: 0 (the basics)

  1. Download Bitcoin Core
  2. Launch the downloaded installer and install the app
  3. Launch the installed "Bitcoin Core" app and let it run overnight
In many cases, thats it. If your running a new machine with a fairly good internet connection, 8 or 9 hours will be enough to complete the "Initial Block Download" (IBD). This may fill up your drive a bit, but again, on most new machines, 300 GB of space isn't that hard to come by.

Tech Skill Level: 1 (encrypted wallet)

One thing we left out in the level-0 exercise is encrypting your wallet. It's easy enough to do well, but a bit more difficult to do right. The main challenge is that humans generate really poor passwords. If you want a good password, the best way is to use something called "diceware". Basically, you just grab 4 or 5 dice and each throw of the dice represents a certain word on a special list. The throw {1,4,5,3,1} for example would be the word camping on the EFF-diceware-wordlist. So you repeat this a few times until you have a list of 8 or so words which becomes the passphrase you use to encrypt your wallet. Write it down, it is always hard to remember at first. So at level-1 your list becomes:
  1. Download Bitcoin Core
  2. Launch the downloaded installer and install the app
  3. Launch the installed "Bitcoin Core" app and let it run overnight
  4. Choose Encrypt Wallet from the Settings menu
  5. Enter your 8 word (or so) passphrase generated using the Diceware method

Wallet Encryption Dialog

Tech Skill Level: 2 (enable pruning if needed)

Though I said "300 GB of space isn't hard to come by", some times it actually is. If space is an issue, a simple way to fix it is to tell bitcoin to simple take less space. This is called "pruning" and can take that number from 300 GB down to below 5 GB. If you can't find 5 GB, then you'll have to read ahead to level-4 to add USB storage. But the good news is, enabling pruning is pretty easy, we just add another step to our working list:
  1. Download Bitcoin Core
  2. Launch the downloaded installer and install the app
  3. Launch the installed "Bitcoin Core" app and let it run overnight
  4. Do the wallet encryption steps here if you wish
  5. Choose Options from the Settings menu
  6. Choose Prune block storage to: and select the max size for the blocks to use
  7. Exit and restart the bitcoin application for the changes to take effect

Pruning Dialog
Note, even setting this to 1 GB will still leave you with about a 4.5 GB install. The blocks take up a lot of space, but the chainstate and other folders eat up at least 3.5 GB and they can't be pruned. Also, be aware, to disable pruning requires you to perform the entire IBD again. While pruned some other functions my be disabled as well, so just know that pruning does limit some functionality.

Tech Skill Level: 3 (verify the installer)

Although this is arguably something that should be done at level-0, some find the intricacies of comparing hash (thumbprint) values to be tedious and beyond the scope of a beginner. You will find these types of hash compares suggested quite often as a way to prevent running tainted programs. Programs are often tainted by bad disk or network performance, but most often, taint is malicious code inserted by viruses or malware. This is a way to guard yourself against those types of attacks.
What I cover here is a very basic comparison on the certificate, but a more thorough verification advised by mosts uses a program called Gpg4Win, and is beyond the scope of this beginners guide. But regardless, most users should strive to do this minimum level of validation.
  1. Download Bitcoin Core
  2. Launch the downloaded installer
  3. When prompted "Do you want to allow..." click Show more details
  4. In the details section select Show information about the publisher's certificate
  5. In the certificate window select the Details tab
  6. In the Details tab Subject should start with "CN = Bitcoin Core Code Signing Association"
  7. Ensure Thumbprint in Details reads ea27d3cefb3eb715ed214176a5d027e01ba1ee86
  8. If the checks pass, click OK to exit the certificate window and Yes to allow the installer to run.
  9. Launch the installed "Bitcoin Core" app and let it run overnight
  10. Do the wallet encryption steps here if you wish
  11. Do the optional pruning steps here if you wish

Certification Validation Windows
Note: The certificate used to sign the current Bitcoin installer is only valid from March 2020 to March 2021. After that point the thumbprint on the certificate will change. This is by design and intentional. If your reading this post after March 2021, then it is understood that the thumbprint has changed.

Tech Skill Level: 4 (use secondary storage)

We glossed over the "new machine with fairly good internet" part. Truth be known many people do not have fairly new machines, and find the IBD to take longer than the "over night" best wishes. For most people the slowdown is the disk access when calculating what is called chainstate. This requires fast random reads and writes to the disk. If you have an SSD disk, this will be no problem, but if you have a non-SSD "spinning" disk, random writes are always slow. Though an SSD will speed things up, they are pricey, so a nice middle ground may be a simple high-end USB key drive. You can get some with 10 to 15 MB/s random writes for $20 on Amazon. This is usually a order of magnitude faster than a "spinning" disk. And with pruning (see level-2), a small USB drive should be fine.
Once you decide on a drive, the tricky part will be to enable external storage. It requires editing a configuration file and adding a line. First, we want to create a directory on the key drive. You will need to determine the drive letter of your USB key drive. For the sake of this example, we will assume it is D:, but you must determine this yourself and correct the example. Once you know the drive letter, create a blank folder on the drive called Bitcoin. So for this example, creating Bitcoin on drive D: will create the path D:\Bitcoin. Once done, assuming that D: is your drive, here are the new steps including the edit of the configuration file:
  1. Download Bitcoin Core
  2. Launch the installer, verify it, then run it
  3. Launch the installed "Bitcoin Core" app and let it run overnight
  4. Do the wallet encryption steps here if you wish
  5. Do the optional pruning steps here if you wish
  6. Launch "Notepad" by typing "Notepad.exe" in the windows search bar then click Open
  7. Type the line datadir=D:\Bitcoin (depending on your drive letter) in the blank file
  8. Choose Save from the File menu in notepad
  9. Type %APPDATA%\Bitcoin\bitcoin.conf (note the percent signs) in the File name box
  10. Select All Files from the Save as type dropdown
  11. Click the Save button and overwrite the file if prompted
  12. Exit and restart the bitcoin application for the changes to take effect

Save As Dialog
Now that you've reached this level of technical expertise, there are many new configuration options that you can begin to modify if you wish. Most configuration data is contained in the bitcoin.conf file and learning how to maintain it is a key step for a node operator.

Tech Skill Level: 5 (all other customizations)

Here's a short list of various things you can ADD to your bitcoin.conf file. You generally just add a new line for each configuration settings.
  • addresstype=bech32
  • changetype=bech32
The addresstype / changetype allows your wallet to use the native-segwit (bech32) format. This is the most efficient and inexpensive way to spend bitcoin, and is a recommended configuration. The default uses something called p2sh-segwit which is more compatible with older wallets, but more expensive to spend.
  • minrelaytxfee=0.00000011
Changing the minrelaytxfee setting allows you to help propagate lower fee transactions. It will require more memory but TXN memory is capped at 300 MB by default anyways, so if you have enough memory, it is a good setting to choose.
  • dbcache=2048
The dbcache setting controls how many MB of memory the program will use for the chainstate database. Since this is a key bottleneck in the IBD, setting this value high (2048 MB) will greatly speed up the IBD, assuming you have the memory to spare
  • blocksdir=C:\Bitcoin
  • datadir=D:\Bitcoin
In level-4 we discussed moving the datadir to a fast external storage, but the majority of the space used for bitcoin is the blocks directory (blocksdir). Although you should always use for fastest storage for datadir, you are free to use slow storage for blocksdir. So if you only want to consume a small amount of your SSD (assumed D:) then you can keep your blocks on your slow "spinning" drive.
  • upnp=1
One of the harder challenges you may face running a node, is to get incoming connections. If you are lucky, you may find that your firewall and network HW support the uPnP protocol. If they do, this setting will allow bitcoin to configure uPnP to allow incoming connections to your node. Other methods exist to make your node reachable, but they are well beyond the scope of this guide.
submitted by brianddk to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

This November...

Let's set aside the tickename issue for a second and think as scientists about the upcoming experiment. Assuming there will be a split, I think it's going to be interesting. (If the split is somehow avoided, then all of the following makes no sense, of course)
I frankly think the experiment of "hashrate-funded centrally-developed Bitcoin Cash" vs "hodler-funded multi-team-developed Bitcoin Cash" is very interesting. I don't mean "centrally-developed" as an offence here, it's just a fact - ABC will be developing it.
Before you start throwing in tomatos, let's think about it.
We all have front-row seats - each gets equal amount of both coins, so either coin wins - you have your cut.
It might even be that BOTH coins will be winners, since unlike the BSV situation, this is going to be probably developed under MIT license, so either side can copy code from other side. (Unless, of course, ABC goes BSV-way and protects their code with a restrictive license, while the other side will be using MIT/BSD licenses for sure)
Let's consider both sides' pros and cons.

ABC side

I don't really like IFP, but I think what Amaury did was pretty clever and worth considering. With this plan he gets to control his coin fully and impose any rules he sees as best for his coin, be it drift correction, 6-month releases or whatever else. He believes in his power to make this coin the best, so let's see if he can.
[+] Corporations are often pretty efficient at what they do. Usually, with capitalism and democracy they will perfect their game like no one, because of competition.
[-] But this won't be exactly like capitalism, more like socialism, because ABC/Amaury will get paid no matter their performance. They will always get 8%. That makes people lazy. Why bother if you get your salary anyway?
[+] ABC has a track record of 3 years and BCH didn't die, which gives them some credit that they could do it.
[+] Amaury and ABC will get paid in their own coin, so the more valuable it is, the richer they get. (Unless they sell for USD immediately) Also, they will get close to $8 million in funding in first year alone (at the current price), which would allow him to hire, well, best of the best in their class (cryptographers, developers, etc...). Amaury knows that and he's right - developers are freaking expensive ($100,000+/year). (Well, again, assuming Amaury will be hiring...)
[-] They don't have to listen to the community, so they have no force feedback if what they do is of any value or is it a useless distraction.

BCHN + others

[+] Hodler-funded means that you don't get paid unless you promise to deliver useful value and have proven to provide value in the past. So you have to perfect your game always - that's much closer to capitalism.
[-] Very hard to raise funds. Amaury will get $8m/year while BCHN and other nodes barely managed to collect $100-200K, probably for the next year or so. Hodlers don't want to give away their money too much, because it might 10x or 20x in very short amount of time.
[+] If BCHN/other nodes do their job well and the coin value raise - their money becomes more valuable, so $100K might become $1M in a year. Assuming they haven't sold for USD. Something tells me they didn't.
[-] Grass-roots things can be short-lived. People are free to join and leave any time, so eventually you get tired of everything.

Potential problems with the experiment

  1. Tickename, obviously pretty bad issue;
  2. Reputation/community loss (BCH splitting again);
  3. Confusion for next few years about what Bitcoin Cash is (just like it was with BCH/BTC split);
  4. No replay protection (this one is nasty), so it's hard to split your money at fork time, you need to wait to get some miner dust to mix in with your coins to split them properly;
  5. Potential that one side might be without wallets at first (i.e. if all wallets and services like Fountainhead/rest.bitcoin.com, which are used by wallets, leave ABC - how would you transfer your money?) - that surely will be a blow, but it's fixable. BCH started this way too.
  6. EDIT: Merchant dis-adoption. Many will be tired of non-stop drama and leave. Maybe, stability of BCHN site will lure some back later. (comment about this)
I don't see miners as an issue (I explained why here and here)
I'm actually curious. Whether corporate efficiency (but with a bit of socialism) or grass-roots (barely with any funding in comparison) will get ahead.
Even though there is already a similar experiment going (BSV), but it's still interesting - each corporation is different and where Apple succeeded, many other phone/computer companies failed. Is listening to market critical? Remember Henry Ford: "If I had asked people what they wanted, they would have said faster horses." On the other hand we have plenty of coins with a lot of funding not even in Top 10.
Get your tickets (coins) ready, we're in for a ride!
submitted by readcash to btc [link] [comments]

MMSS - Massive Multi Signature Scheme

On the latest Noded podcast with the Bitcoin Rabbi, the Bitcoin Rabbi talked about how he made, for experimental reasons, a 15-of-15-MultiSig-wallet with 14 of his friends.
This got me thinking about secure long term storage of funds.
Multi-Sig is the way to go. And usually I'd say something like a 3-of-5 or 2-of-3 setup, where all keys are on permanently offline media (paper, hardware wallet, permanently offline laptop,...).
But how much less secure would something like this be in comparison?
Alice's 6-of-10 setup between her, Bob and Charlie.
The advantage is, that this would be pretty easy to setup. They all have their laptop ready, a shared Dropbox folder to put the master-public-keys in. They could perform tests every 3 months or so, signing a message with all devices, and that wouldn't be too much work, because everything except the banksafe wallet is easily accessed.
Bob and Charlie can do the same thing in the same group, they would simply have their own banksafe with a different wallet in there.
Why is this stupid?
submitted by Thanatos_1 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Scaling Reddit Community Points with Arbitrum Rollup: a piece of cake

Scaling Reddit Community Points with Arbitrum Rollup: a piece of cake
https://preview.redd.it/b80c05tnb9e51.jpg?width=2550&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=850282c1a3962466ed44f73886dae1c8872d0f31
Submitted for consideration to The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off
Baked by the pastry chefs at Offchain Labs
Please send questions or comments to [[email protected] ](mailto:[email protected])
1. Overview
We're excited to submit Arbitrum Rollup for consideration to The Great Reddit Scaling Bake-Off. Arbitrum Rollup is the only Ethereum scaling solution that supports arbitrary smart contracts without compromising on Ethereum's security or adding points of centralization. For Reddit, this means that Arbitrum can not only scale the minting and transfer of Community Points, but it can foster a creative ecosystem built around Reddit Community Points enabling points to be used in a wide variety of third party applications. That's right -- you can have your cake and eat it too!
Arbitrum Rollup isn't just Ethereum-style. Its Layer 2 transactions are byte-for-byte identical to Ethereum, which means Ethereum users can continue to use their existing addresses and wallets, and Ethereum developers can continue to use their favorite toolchains and development environments out-of-the-box with Arbitrum. Coupling Arbitrum’s tooling-compatibility with its trustless asset interoperability, Reddit not only can scale but can onboard the entire Ethereum community at no cost by giving them the same experience they already know and love (well, certainly know).
To benchmark how Arbitrum can scale Reddit Community Points, we launched the Reddit contracts on an Arbitrum Rollup chain. Since Arbitrum provides full Solidity support, we didn't have to rewrite the Reddit contracts or try to mimic their functionality using an unfamiliar paradigm. Nope, none of that. We launched the Reddit contracts unmodified on Arbitrum Rollup complete with support for minting and distributing points. Like every Arbitrum Rollup chain, the chain included a bridge interface in which users can transfer Community Points or any other asset between the L1 and L2 chains. Arbitrum Rollup chains also support dynamic contract loading, which would allow third-party developers to launch custom ecosystem apps that integrate with Community Points on the very same chain that runs the Reddit contracts.
1.1 Why Ethereum
Perhaps the most exciting benefit of distributing Community Points using a blockchain is the ability to seamlessly port points to other applications and use them in a wide variety of contexts. Applications may include simple transfers such as a restaurant that allows Redditors to spend points on drinks. Or it may include complex smart contracts -- such as placing Community Points as a wager for a multiparty game or as collateral in a financial contract.
The common denominator between all of the fun uses of Reddit points is that it needs a thriving ecosystem of both users and developers, and the Ethereum blockchain is perhaps the only smart contract platform with significant adoption today. While many Layer 1 blockchains boast lower cost or higher throughput than the Ethereum blockchain, more often than not, these attributes mask the reality of little usage, weaker security, or both.
Perhaps another platform with significant usage will rise in the future. But today, Ethereum captures the mindshare of the blockchain community, and for Community Points to provide the most utility, the Ethereum blockchain is the natural choice.
1.2 Why Arbitrum
While Ethereum's ecosystem is unmatched, the reality is that fees are high and capacity is too low to support the scale of Reddit Community Points. Enter Arbitrum. Arbitrum Rollup provides all of the ecosystem benefits of Ethereum, but with orders of magnitude more capacity and at a fraction of the cost of native Ethereum smart contracts. And most of all, we don't change the experience from users. They continue to use the same wallets, addresses, languages, and tools.
Arbitrum Rollup is not the only solution that can scale payments, but it is the only developed solution that can scale both payments and arbitrary smart contracts trustlessly, which means that third party users can build highly scalable add-on apps that can be used without withdrawing money from the Rollup chain. If you believe that Reddit users will want to use their Community Points in smart contracts--and we believe they will--then it makes the most sense to choose a single scaling solution that can support the entire ecosystem, eliminating friction for users.
We view being able to run smart contracts in the same scaling solution as fundamentally critical since if there's significant demand in running smart contracts from Reddit's ecosystem, this would be a load on Ethereum and would itself require a scaling solution. Moreover, having different scaling solutions for the minting/distribution/spending of points and for third party apps would be burdensome for users as they'd have to constantly shuffle their Points back and forth.
2. Arbitrum at a glance
Arbitrum Rollup has a unique value proposition as it offers a combination of features that no other scaling solution achieves. Here we highlight its core attributes.
Decentralized. Arbitrum Rollup is as decentralized as Ethereum. Unlike some other Layer 2 scaling projects, Arbitrum Rollup doesn't have any centralized components or centralized operators who can censor users or delay transactions. Even in non-custodial systems, centralized components provide a risk as the operators are generally incentivized to increase their profit by extracting rent from users often in ways that severely degrade user experience. Even if centralized operators are altruistic, centralized components are subject to hacking, coercion, and potential liability.
Massive Scaling. Arbitrum achieves order of magnitude scaling over Ethereum's L1 smart contracts. Our software currently supports 453 transactions-per-second for basic transactions (at 1616 Ethereum gas per tx). We have a lot of room left to optimize (e.g. aggregating signatures), and over the next several months capacity will increase significantly. As described in detail below, Arbitrum can easily support and surpass Reddit's anticipated initial load, and its capacity will continue to improve as Reddit's capacity needs grow.
Low cost. The cost of running Arbitrum Rollup is quite low compared to L1 Ethereum and other scaling solutions such as those based on zero-knowledge proofs. Layer 2 fees are low, fixed, and predictable and should not be overly burdensome for Reddit to cover. Nobody needs to use special equipment or high-end machines. Arbitrum requires validators, which is a permissionless role that can be run on any reasonable on-line machine. Although anybody can act as a validator, in order to protect against a “tragedy of the commons” and make sure reputable validators are participating, we support a notion of “invited validators” that are compensated for their costs. In general, users pay (low) fees to cover the invited validators’ costs, but we imagine that Reddit may cover this cost for its users. See more on the costs and validator options below.
Ethereum Developer Experience. Not only does Arbitrum support EVM smart contracts, but the developer experience is identical to that of L1 Ethereum contracts and fully compatible with Ethereum tooling. Developers can port existing Solidity apps or write new ones using their favorite and familiar toolchains (e.g. Truffle, Buidler). There are no new languages or coding paradigms to learn.
Ethereum wallet compatibility. Just as in Ethereum, Arbitrum users need only hold keys, but do not have to store any coin history or additional data to protect or access their funds. Since Arbitrum transactions are semantically identical to Ethereum L1 transactions, existing Ethereum users can use their existing Ethereum keys with their existing wallet software such as Metamask.
Token interoperability. Users can easily transfer their ETH, ERC-20 and ERC-721 tokens between Ethereum and the Arbitrum Rollup chain. As we explain in detail below, it is possible to mint tokens in L2 that can subsequently be withdrawn and recognized by the L1 token contract.
Fast finality. Transactions complete with the same finality time as Ethereum L1 (and it's possible to get faster finality guarantees by trading away trust assumptions; see the Arbitrum Rollup whitepaper for details).
Non-custodial. Arbitrum Rollup is a non-custodial scaling solution, so users control their funds/points and neither Reddit nor anyone else can ever access or revoke points held by users.
Censorship Resistant. Since it's completely decentralized, and the Arbitrum protocol guarantees progress trustlessly, Arbitrum Rollup is just as censorship-proof as Ethereum.
Block explorer. The Arbitrum Rollup block explorer allows users to view and analyze transactions on the Rollup chain.
Limitations
Although this is a bake-off, we're not going to sugar coat anything. Arbitrum Rollup, like any Optimistic Rollup protocol, does have one limitation, and that's the delay on withdrawals.
As for the concrete length of the delay, we've done a good deal of internal modeling and have blogged about this as well. Our current modeling suggests a 3-hour delay is sufficient (but as discussed in the linked post there is a tradeoff space between the length of the challenge period and the size of the validators’ deposit).
Note that this doesn't mean that the chain is delayed for three hours. Arbitrum Rollup supports pipelining of execution, which means that validators can keep building new states even while previous ones are “in the pipeline” for confirmation. As the challenge delays expire for each update, a new state will be confirmed (read more about this here).
So activity and progress on the chain are not delayed by the challenge period. The only thing that's delayed is the consummation of withdrawals. Recall though that any single honest validator knows immediately (at the speed of L1 finality) which state updates are correct and can guarantee that they will eventually be confirmed, so once a valid withdrawal has been requested on-chain, every honest party knows that the withdrawal will definitely happen. There's a natural place here for a liquidity market in which a validator (or someone who trusts a validator) can provide withdrawal loans for a small interest fee. This is a no-risk business for them as they know which withdrawals will be confirmed (and can force their confirmation trustlessly no matter what anyone else does) but are just waiting for on-chain finality.
3. The recipe: How Arbitrum Rollup works
For a description of the technical components of Arbitrum Rollup and how they interact to create a highly scalable protocol with a developer experience that is identical to Ethereum, please refer to the following documents:
Arbitrum Rollup Whitepaper
Arbitrum academic paper (describes a previous version of Arbitrum)
4. Developer docs and APIs
For full details about how to set up and interact with an Arbitrum Rollup chain or validator, please refer to our developer docs, which can be found at https://developer.offchainlabs.com/.
Note that the Arbitrum version described on that site is older and will soon be replaced by the version we are entering in Reddit Bake-Off, which is still undergoing internal testing before public release.
5. Who are the validators?
As with any Layer 2 protocol, advancing the protocol correctly requires at least one validator (sometimes called block producers) that is honest and available. A natural question is: who are the validators?
Recall that the validator set for an Arbitrum chain is open and permissionless; anyone can start or stop validating at will. (A useful analogy is to full nodes on an L1 chain.) But we understand that even though anyone can participate, Reddit may want to guarantee that highly reputable nodes are validating their chain. Reddit may choose to validate the chain themselves and/or hire third-party validators.To this end, we have begun building a marketplace for validator-for-hire services so that dapp developers can outsource validation services to reputable nodes with high up-time. We've announced a partnership in which Chainlink nodes will provide Arbitrum validation services, and we expect to announce more partnerships shortly with other blockchain infrastructure providers.
Although there is no requirement that validators are paid, Arbitrum’s economic model tracks validators’ costs (e.g. amount of computation and storage) and can charge small fees on user transactions, using a gas-type system, to cover those costs. Alternatively, a single party such as Reddit can agree to cover the costs of invited validators.
6. Reddit Contract Support
Since Arbitrum contracts and transactions are byte-for-byte compatible with Ethereum, supporting the Reddit contracts is as simple as launching them on an Arbitrum chain.
Minting. Arbitrum Rollup supports hybrid L1/L2 tokens which can be minted in L2 and then withdrawn onto the L1. An L1 contract at address A can make a special call to the EthBridge which deploys a "buddy contract" to the same address A on an Arbitrum chain. Since it's deployed at the same address, users can know that the L2 contract is the authorized "buddy" of the L1 contract on the Arbitrum chain.
For minting, the L1 contract is a standard ERC-20 contract which mints and burns tokens when requested by the L2 contract. It is paired with an ERC-20 contract in L2 which mints tokens based on whatever programmer provided minting facility is desired and burns tokens when they are withdrawn from the rollup chain. Given this base infrastructure, Arbitrum can support any smart contract based method for minting tokens in L2, and indeed we directly support Reddit's signature/claim based minting in L2.
Batch minting. What's better than a mint cookie? A whole batch! In addition to supporting Reddit’s current minting/claiming scheme, we built a second minting design, which we believe outperforms the signature/claim system in many scenarios.
In the current system, Reddit periodically issues signed statements to users, who then take those statements to the blockchain to claim their tokens. An alternative approach would have Reddit directly submit the list of users/amounts to the blockchain and distribute the tokens to the users without the signature/claim process.
To optimize the cost efficiency of this approach, we designed an application-specific compression scheme to minimize the size of the batch distribution list. We analyzed the data from Reddit's previous distributions and found that the data is highly compressible since token amounts are small and repeated, and addresses appear multiple times. Our function groups transactions by size, and replaces previously-seen addresses with a shorter index value. We wrote client code to compress the data, wrote a Solidity decompressing function, and integrated that function into Reddit’s contract running on Arbitrum.
When we ran the compression function on the previous Reddit distribution data, we found that we could compress batched minting data down to to 11.8 bytes per minting event (averaged over a 6-month trace of Reddit’s historical token grants)compared with roughly 174 bytes of on-chain data needed for the signature claim approach to minting (roughly 43 for an RLP-encoded null transaction + 65 for Reddit's signature + 65 for the user's signature + roughly 8 for the number of Points) .
The relative benefit of the two approaches with respect to on-chain call data cost depends on the percentage of users that will actually claim their tokens on chain. With the above figures, batch minting will be cheaper if roughly 5% of users redeem their claims. We stress that our compression scheme is not Arbitrum-specific and would be beneficial in any general-purpose smart contract platform.
8. Benchmarks and costs
In this section, we give the full costs of operating the Reddit contracts on an Arbitrum Rollup chain including the L1 gas costs for the Rollup chain, the costs of computation and storage for the L2 validators as well as the capital lockup requirements for staking.
Arbitrum Rollup is still on testnet, so we did not run mainnet benchmarks. Instead, we measured the L1 gas cost and L2 workload for Reddit operations on Arbitrum and calculated the total cost assuming current Ethereum gas prices. As noted below in detail, our measurements do not assume that Arbitrum is consuming the entire capacity of Ethereum. We will present the details of our model now, but for full transparency you can also play around with it yourself and adjust the parameters, by copying the spreadsheet found here.
Our cost model is based on measurements of Reddit’s contracts, running unmodified (except for the addition of a batch minting function) on Arbitrum Rollup on top of Ethereum.
On the distribution of transactions and frequency of assertions. Reddit's instructions specify the following minimum parameters that submissions should support:
Over a 5 day period, your scaling PoC should be able to handle:
  • 100,000 point claims (minting & distributing points)
  • 25,000 subscriptions
  • 75,000 one-off points burning
  • 100,000 transfers
We provide the full costs of operating an Arbitrum Rollup chain with this usage under the assumption that tokens are minted or granted to users in batches, but other transactions are uniformly distributed over the 5 day period. Unlike some other submissions, we do not make unrealistic assumptions that all operations can be submitted in enormous batches. We assume that batch minting is done in batches that use only a few percent on an L1 block’s gas, and that other operations come in evenly over time and are submitted in batches, with one batch every five minutes to keep latency reasonable. (Users are probably already waiting for L1 finality, which takes at least that long to achieve.)
We note that assuming that there are only 300,000 transactions that arrive uniformly over the 5 day period will make our benchmark numbers lower, but we believe that this will reflect the true cost of running the system. To see why, say that batches are submitted every five minutes (20 L1 blocks) and there's a fixed overhead of c bytes of calldata per batch, the cost of which will get amortized over all transactions executed in that batch. Assume that each individual transaction adds a marginal cost of t. Lastly assume the capacity of the scaling system is high enough that it can support all of Reddit's 300,000 transactions within a single 20-block batch (i.e. that there is more than c + 300,000*t byes of calldata available in 20 blocks).
Consider what happens if c, the per-batch overhead, is large (which it is in some systems, but not in Arbitrum). In the scenario that transactions actually arrive at the system's capacity and each batch is full, then c gets amortized over 300,000 transactions. But if we assume that the system is not running at capacity--and only receives 300,000 transactions arriving uniformly over 5 days-- then each 20-block assertion will contain about 200 transactions, and thus each transaction will pay a nontrivial cost due to c.
We are aware that other proposals presented scaling numbers assuming that 300,000 transactions arrived at maximum capacity and was executed in a single mega-transaction, but according to our estimates, for at least one such report, this led to a reported gas price that was 2-3 orders of magnitude lower than it would have been assuming uniform arrival. We make more realistic batching assumptions, and we believe Arbitrum compares well when batch sizes are realistic.
Our model. Our cost model includes several sources of cost:
  • L1 gas costs: This is the cost of posting transactions as calldata on the L1 chain, as well as the overhead associated with each batch of transactions, and the L1 cost of settling transactions in the Arbitrum protocol.
  • Validator’s staking costs: In normal operation, one validator will need to be staked. The stake is assumed to be 0.2% of the total value of the chain (which is assumed to be $1 per user who is eligible to claim points). The cost of staking is the interest that could be earned on the money if it were not staked.
  • Validator computation and storage: Every validator must do computation to track the chain’s processing of transactions, and must maintain storage to keep track of the contracts’ EVM storage. The cost of computation and storage are estimated based on measurements, with the dollar cost of resources based on Amazon Web Services pricing.
It’s clear from our modeling that the predominant cost is for L1 calldata. This will probably be true for any plausible rollup-based system.
Our model also shows that Arbitrum can scale to workloads much larger than Reddit’s nominal workload, without exhausting L1 or L2 resources. The scaling bottleneck will ultimately be calldata on the L1 chain. We believe that cost could be reduced substantially if necessary by clever encoding of data. (In our design any compression / decompression of L2 transaction calldata would be done by client software and L2 programs, never by an L1 contract.)
9. Status of Arbitrum Rollup
Arbitrum Rollup is live on Ethereum testnet. All of the code written to date including everything included in the Reddit demo is open source and permissively licensed under the Apache V2 license. The first testnet version of Arbitrum Rollup was released on testnet in February. Our current internal version, which we used to benchmark the Reddit contracts, will be released soon and will be a major upgrade.
Both the Arbitrum design as well as the implementation are heavily audited by independent third parties. The Arbitrum academic paper was published at USENIX Security, a top-tier peer-reviewed academic venue. For the Arbitrum software, we have engaged Trail of Bits for a security audit, which is currently ongoing, and we are committed to have a clean report before launching on Ethereum mainnet.
10. Reddit Universe Arbitrum Rollup Chain
The benchmarks described in this document were all measured using the latest internal build of our software. When we release the new software upgrade publicly we will launch a Reddit Universe Arbitrum Rollup chain as a public demo, which will contain the Reddit contracts as well as a Uniswap instance and a Connext Hub, demonstrating how Community Points can be integrated into third party apps. We will also allow members of the public to dynamically launch ecosystem contracts. We at Offchain Labs will cover the validating costs for the Reddit Universe public demo.
If the folks at Reddit would like to evaluate our software prior to our public demo, please email us at [email protected] and we'd be more than happy to provide early access.
11. Even more scaling: Arbitrum Sidechains
Rollups are an excellent approach to scaling, and we are excited about Arbitrum Rollup which far surpasses Reddit's scaling needs. But looking forward to Reddit's eventual goal of supporting hundreds of millions of users, there will likely come a time when Reddit needs more scaling than any Rollup protocol can provide.
While Rollups greatly reduce costs, they don't break the linear barrier. That is, all transactions have an on-chain footprint (because all calldata must be posted on-chain), albeit a far smaller one than on native Ethereum, and the L1 limitations end up being the bottleneck for capacity and cost. Since Ethereum has limited capacity, this linear use of on-chain resources means that costs will eventually increase superlinearly with traffic.
The good news is that we at Offchain Labs have a solution in our roadmap that can satisfy this extreme-scaling setting as well: Arbitrum AnyTrust Sidechains. Arbitrum Sidechains are similar to Arbitrum Rollup, but deviate in that they name a permissioned set of validators. When a chain’s validators agree off-chain, they can greatly reduce the on-chain footprint of the protocol and require almost no data to be put on-chain. When validators can't reach unanimous agreement off-chain, the protocol reverts to Arbitrum Rollup. Technically, Arbitrum Sidechains can be viewed as a hybrid between state channels and Rollup, switching back and forth as necessary, and combining the performance and cost that state channels can achieve in the optimistic case, with the robustness of Rollup in other cases. The core technical challenge is how to switch seamlessly between modes and how to guarantee that security is maintained throughout.
Arbitrum Sidechains break through this linear barrier, while still maintaining a high level of security and decentralization. Arbitrum Sidechains provide the AnyTrust guarantee, which says that as long as any one validator is honest and available (even if you don't know which one will be), the L2 chain is guaranteed to execute correctly according to its code and guaranteed to make progress. Unlike in a state channel, offchain progress does not require unanimous consent, and liveness is preserved as long as there is a single honest validator.
Note that the trust model for Arbitrum Sidechains is much stronger than for typical BFT-style chains which introduce a consensus "voting" protocols among a small permissioned group of validators. BFT-based protocols require a supermajority (more than 2/3) of validators to agree. In Arbitrum Sidechains, by contrast, all you need is a single honest validator to achieve guaranteed correctness and progress. Notice that in Arbitrum adding validators strictly increases security since the AnyTrust guarantee provides correctness as long as any one validator is honest and available. By contrast, in BFT-style protocols, adding nodes can be dangerous as a coalition of dishonest nodes can break the protocol.
Like Arbitrum Rollup, the developer and user experiences for Arbitrum Sidechains will be identical to that of Ethereum. Reddit would be able to choose a large and diverse set of validators, and all that they would need to guarantee to break through the scaling barrier is that a single one of them will remain honest.
We hope to have Arbitrum Sidechains in production in early 2021, and thus when Reddit reaches the scale that surpasses the capacity of Rollups, Arbitrum Sidechains will be waiting and ready to help.
While the idea to switch between channels and Rollup to get the best of both worlds is conceptually simple, getting the details right and making sure that the switch does not introduce any attack vectors is highly non-trivial and has been the subject of years of our research (indeed, we were working on this design for years before the term Rollup was even coined).
12. How Arbitrum compares
We include a comparison to several other categories as well as specific projects when appropriate. and explain why we believe that Arbitrum is best suited for Reddit's purposes. We focus our attention on other Ethereum projects.
Payment only Rollups. Compared to Arbitrum Rollup, ZK-Rollups and other Rollups that only support token transfers have several disadvantages:
  • As outlined throughout the proposal, we believe that the entire draw of Ethereum is in its rich smart contracts support which is simply not achievable with today's zero-knowledge proof technology. Indeed, scaling with a ZK-Rollup will add friction to the deployment of smart contracts that interact with Community Points as users will have to withdraw their coins from the ZK-Rollup and transfer them to a smart contract system (like Arbitrum). The community will be best served if Reddit builds on a platform that has built-in, frictionless smart-contract support.
  • All other Rollup protocols of which we are aware employ a centralized operator. While it's true that users retain custody of their coins, the centralized operator can often profit from censoring, reordering, or delaying transactions. A common misconception is that since they're non-custodial protocols, a centralized sequencer does not pose a risk but this is incorrect as the sequencer can wreak havoc or shake down users for side payments without directly stealing funds.
  • Sidechain type protocols can eliminate some of these issues, but they are not trustless. Instead, they require trust in some quorum of a committee, often requiring two-third of the committee to be honest, compared to rollup protocols like Arbitrum that require only a single honest party. In addition, not all sidechain type protocols have committees that are diverse, or even non-centralized, in practice.
  • Plasma-style protocols have a centralized operator and do not support general smart contracts.
13. Concluding Remarks
While it's ultimately up to the judges’ palate, we believe that Arbitrum Rollup is the bakeoff choice that Reddit kneads. We far surpass Reddit's specified workload requirement at present, have much room to optimize Arbitrum Rollup in the near term, and have a clear path to get Reddit to hundreds of millions of users. Furthermore, we are the only project that gives developers and users the identical interface as the Ethereum blockchain and is fully interoperable and tooling-compatible, and we do this all without any new trust assumptions or centralized components.
But no matter how the cookie crumbles, we're glad to have participated in this bake-off and we thank you for your consideration.
About Offchain Labs
Offchain Labs, Inc. is a venture-funded New York company that spun out of Princeton University research, and is building the Arbitrum platform to usher in the next generation of scalable, interoperable, and compatible smart contracts. Offchain Labs is backed by Pantera Capital, Compound VC, Coinbase Ventures, and others.
Leadership Team
Ed Felten
Ed Felten is Co-founder and Chief Scientist at Offchain Labs. He is on leave from Princeton University, where he is the Robert E. Kahn Professor of Computer Science and Public Affairs. From 2015 to 2017 he served at the White House as Deputy United States Chief Technology Officer and senior advisor to the President. He is an ACM Fellow and member of the National Academy of Engineering. Outside of work, he is an avid runner, cook, and L.A. Dodgers fan.
Steven Goldfeder
Steven Goldfeder is Co-founder and Chief Executive Officer at Offchain Labs. He holds a PhD from Princeton University, where he worked at the intersection of cryptography and cryptocurrencies including threshold cryptography, zero-knowledge proof systems, and post-quantum signatures. He is a co-author of Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Technologies, the leading textbook on cryptocurrencies, and he has previously worked at Google and Microsoft Research, where he co-invented the Picnic signature algorithm. When not working, you can find Steven spending time with his family, taking a nature walk, or twisting balloons.
Harry Kalodner
Harry Kalodner is Co-founder and Chief Technology Officer at Offchain Labs where he leads the engineering team. Before the company he attended Princeton as a Ph.D candidate where his research explored economics, anonymity, and incentive compatibility of cryptocurrencies, and he also has worked at Apple. When not up at 3:00am writing code, Harry occasionally sleeps.
submitted by hkalodner to ethereum [link] [comments]

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Coinbase features and its specialization –
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Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
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Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Coinbase Support Phone Number
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For any query or support, Coinbase provided Coinbase support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Coinbase refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Coinbase provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Coinbase wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Coinbase Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, Coinbase provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Coinbase Support Phone numberCoinbase Support Number
Coinbase, a digital currency, The Coinbase is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Coinbase customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Coinbase has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Coinbase features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Coinbase system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
Coinbase – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Coinbase has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Coinbase gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Coinbase is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Coinbase introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Coinbase platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Coinbase Support team on help.Coinbase.com.
The process to reach Coinbase Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the CoinbaseCoinbase.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Coinbase support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Coinbase help desk number
Coinbase support phone number
Coinbase toll free number
Coinbase exchange support number
Coinbase wallet support number
Coinbase complaint number
Coinbase stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

✴Coinbase pro support helpline phone number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##

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Coinbase, a digital currency, The Coinbase is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Coinbase customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Coinbase has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Coinbase features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Coinbase system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
Coinbase – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Coinbase has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Coinbase gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Coinbase is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Coinbase introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Coinbase Support Phone Number
Coinbase support number
Coinbase support phone number
Coinbase toll free number
Coinbase exchange support number
Coinbase wallet support number
Coinbase complaint number
Coinbase stock exchange number
For any query or support, Coinbase provided Coinbase support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Coinbase refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Coinbase provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Coinbase wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Coinbase Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, Coinbase provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Coinbase Support Phone numberCoinbase Support Number
Coinbase, a digital currency, The Coinbase is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Coinbase customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Coinbase has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Coinbase features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Coinbase system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
Coinbase – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Coinbase has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Coinbase gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Coinbase is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Coinbase introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Coinbase platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Coinbase Support team on help.Coinbase.com.
The process to reach Coinbase Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the CoinbaseCoinbase.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Coinbase support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Coinbase help desk number
Coinbase support phone number
Coinbase toll free number
Coinbase exchange support number
Coinbase wallet support number
Coinbase complaint number
Coinbase stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

✴Coinbase customer helpline number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##

✴Coinbase customer helpline number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
✴Coinbase customer helpline number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴CoInBaSe Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
Coinbase, a digital currency, The Coinbase is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Coinbase customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Coinbase has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Coinbase features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Coinbase system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
Coinbase – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Coinbase has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Coinbase gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Coinbase is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Coinbase introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Coinbase Support Phone Number
Coinbase support number
Coinbase support phone number
Coinbase toll free number
Coinbase exchange support number
Coinbase wallet support number
Coinbase complaint number
Coinbase stock exchange number
For any query or support, Coinbase provided Coinbase support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Coinbase refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Coinbase provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Coinbase wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Coinbase Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, Coinbase provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Coinbase Support Phone numberCoinbase Support Number
Coinbase, a digital currency, The Coinbase is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Coinbase customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Coinbase has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Coinbase features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Coinbase system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Coinbase lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet Coinbase avails the facility to direct contact on Coinbase customer care number –
Coinbase – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Coinbase has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Coinbase gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Coinbase is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Coinbase introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Coinbase – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Coinbase also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Coinbase consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Coinbase there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Coinbase Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Coinbase Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Coinbase or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Coinbase platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Coinbase Support team on help.Coinbase.com.
The process to reach Coinbase Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the CoinbaseCoinbase.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Coinbase support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Coinbase help desk number
Coinbase support phone number
Coinbase toll free number
Coinbase exchange support number
Coinbase wallet support number
Coinbase complaint number
Coinbase stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

✴Binance us wallet toll free number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##

✴Binance us wallet toll free number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
✴Binance us wallet toll free number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Binance Support Phone Number
Binance support number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
For any query or support, Binance provided Binance support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Binance refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Binance provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Binance wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Binance Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, binance provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Binance Support Phone numberBinance Support Number
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Binance platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Binance Support team on help.binance.com.
The process to reach Binance Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the Binancebinance.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Binance support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Binance help desk number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

✴Binance us technical support number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##

✴Binance us technical support number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
✴Binance us technical support number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Binance Support Phone Number
Binance support number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
For any query or support, Binance provided Binance support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Binance refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Binance provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Binance wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Binance Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, binance provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Binance Support Phone numberBinance Support Number
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Binance platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Binance Support team on help.binance.com.
The process to reach Binance Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the Binancebinance.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Binance support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Binance help desk number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

✴Binance toll free support number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##

✴Binance toll free support number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
✴Binance toll free support number.▶ 𝟏@-𝟖𝟓𝟓⥂ 𝟕𝟎𝟖 ⥂ 𝟏𝟑𝟏𝟏 Number ✴BiNaNcE Customer Support✴USA CANADA $#2020$%$##
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Binance Support Phone Number
Binance support number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
For any query or support, Binance provided Binance support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Binance refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Binance provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Binance wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Binance Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, binance provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Binance Support Phone numberBinance Support Number
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Binance platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Binance Support team on help.binance.com.
The process to reach Binance Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the Binancebinance.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Binance support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Binance help desk number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

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Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
Binance Support Phone Number
Binance support number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
For any query or support, Binance provided Binance support phone number1-855-945-3166 with efficient and excellent technical knowledge experts.
Binance refers to the digital app, trading in money and generalize the transactions of the different cryptocurrencies like Ethereum, Bitcoin and many others. With the protective layers of security and privacy, it provides Binance provides the offline records hidden from the online access of any third party and saves the credentials from getting hacked.
From the Binance wallet you can sell and buy the cryptocurrencies and in the case looking for the withdrawal, choose the withdraw option, and the money will credit in your linked financial institution. Safe and 100% per cent legal online platform also featured the supportive team for its users to take support as and when required.
Dial Binance Support Phone Number –
Unlike other online applications, binance provides the live communication with the technical and non-technical supportive team through the Binance Support Phone numberBinance Support Number
Binance, a digital currency, The Binance is getting used mainly for the business field and servicing as transaction recorder or ledger of the cryptocurrency. With the demanding era, many other applications developed influenced by the bitcoin smoothly functioned by the public and are in trend for the cryptocurrency buying and selling.
New users or active users from the time might face the obstacle inappropriate use of the app, so the Binance customer support number provides all the required assistance to deal with any error. With the fast-developing technology, trading in monetary deals with providing transparency to trade on the digital platform. Binance has also stepped up to provide the decentralized ledger system with no involvement of any third party in between.
Binance features and its specialization –
No doubt to say that Binance system gives the higher ability of the network command which helps in running the many systems together with no error and delivering impressive transfer of power unlike the other devices connected with the intermediaries like administrative authority.
Also, Binance lets you deal with less risk in the trading of cryptocurrency and providing the least trading cost in comparison to other devices. It even the safest and secure platform with no fraud chances with its users and focusing only on increasing capacity in the worldwide trade. If you encounter any difficulty while trading through the cryptocurrency wallet binance avails the facility to direct contact on binance customer care number –
Binance – Advantages
1. Traces the error faced by the user –
With the advanced internal auditing feature, Binance has system-generated to find the mistake faced up by the user and soon rectify it automatically on the prior basis.
2. Ultra Security Guard for the safety of user credentials –
Binance gives extreme safety protection to its users in the context to keep safe from any hacker to access the wallet or the personal credential of the person. It also gives access to login to wallet with the private id and password which can be verified by the owner only.
3. Best speed processor –
No doubt, the speed of Binance is a time saver technique. Making the transaction through the financial institution takes extra time or days to tackle the trade, while after the Binance introduced dealing started taking place instantly.
Binance – Disadvantages
As every coin have two aspects, in the same Binance also has minus points which are required to take under consideration while making transaction through the device –
1. Consuming more power supply –
Though the speed needs a high power supply to justify the service in no time at the time of transaction or exchange in trading, the Binance consumes a lot of electric power. As per the research, Bitcoin takes energy equal to the power-consuming across 159 countries of the world on per capita basis.
2. Transaction cost –
To trade in the Bitcoins, the minimum transaction required is upto 75 to 169 dollars, which simultaneously imposes the extra price on electricity consumption. It is impossible to say that the energy uses in the cryptocurrency trading will get down in the related terms.
3. No Authority certainty –
As in every financial institution, you can see the back support of the central authority or administration through which transaction flows on. But in the Binance there are no regulations to deal with the exchanges taking place.
Binance Customer Support Number –
Most of the time dealing with an error while trading in the Bitcoin or any cryptocurrency can not quickly rectify on itself. In such a case, the support required from the customer service executives to assist accordingly and aware with the issue solvency period. Binance Customer Support Number, is always available in the service of its users and to prevail them with the best and supportive measures. You need to call the support executive, and they are providing help 24X7 to their customers fixing any issue regarding Binance or trading in the cryptocurrency.
available in the service for 27x7. However, facing an issue on the digital platform may get reflect. In contrast, accounts login, server issue, wallet issue or any other monetary terms can raise the disturbance in your trading and dealing in cryptocurrencies on Binance platform, support team on phone call helps out in case related with the compromised account. To get the details to support about any technical error founded email to the Binance Support team on help.binance.com.
The process to reach Binance Support Phone Number –
1. Go to the official website of the Binancebinance.com
  1. Now scroll down to the bottom of the home page and choose the Support Option under the head Company.
  2. Choose the section appropriate with your issue.
  3. After choosing the relevant head for the problem, several questions reflect in the service of the user’s support.
  4. Once you click on the connection issue, stepwise help is on the page.
Follow the instructions and get rid of the issues faced in between the trading. You can also call to the Binance support phone number given above to clarify the doubts.
Binance help desk number
Binance support phone number
Binance toll free number
Binance exchange support number
Binance wallet support number
Binance complaint number
Binance stock exchange number
submitted by Tadop31889 to u/Tadop31889 [link] [comments]

Bitcoin:wallet blockchain and coinbase comparison(which one is the best) Which Bitcoin Wallets Should I Choose? Top 5 Best #Cryptocurrency Wallets - YouTube BEST 4: Hardware Crypto Wallets Best Bitcoin wallets compared (features, security & price ...

The supply of Bitcoin Cash (BCH) wallets is huge, making it all the more difficult to choose the best wallet. To help you keep track and find the right wallet for your investment, we have created this guide, which introduces you to the best Bitcoin Cash wallets in a short and concise order according to the type of wallet.. In order to understand the advantages and disadvantages of the various ... Compare all bitcoin ethereum and litecoin wallets online, hardware and mobile crypto and BTC wallets. Compare, rank and list bitcoin debit cards and bitcoin prepaid top up cards. Sort digital currency wallet apps, filter and compare by operating system, reviews, and cryptocurrencies they hold. Find out the best wallet for you based on our user reviews and check out our list of bitcoin cards ... A comparison of the different bitcoin wallet types. Web-Wallets. Online web-wallets are websites or even online exchanges that allow storage. As I mentioned above, this is the least secure option as it usually involves leaving the management of your private keys to a web server. Web servers are prone to hacking, and users must also trust the online wallet operators. Hardware wallets are more secure in comparison to paper wallets, as paper wallets are prone to be stolen or lost. Bitcoin hardware wallets are manufactured for the main purpose of storing bitcoins, in the midst of bitcoin trading scenes, it is well-known that hardware wallets are reliable, safe, and relatively cheap methods of storing bitcoins ... Bitcoin Wallets Comparison Chart and Reviews. Bitcoin Wallets Comparison Chart and Reviews. Mark December 22, 2015. There are many different bitcoin wallets available to the every day user. There ...

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Bitcoin:wallet blockchain and coinbase comparison(which one is the best)

We've chosen to compare hardware wallets instead of digital wallets, as they offer cold storage, which is considered a much more secure method of storage tha... There are many Bitcoin hardware wallets & Ethereum hardware wallets out there available on the market these days and all of them have a few different features. Many brands have introduced these ... Coinbase and Blockchain are two of the top crypto currency wallets online. Each wallet is safe, secure and will get the job done in most cases.A downside of Coinbase is the time it takes ... Before launching into some reviews of different hardware wallets, I wanted to make sure that I would be providing something that was both in-depth and consistent in terms of the way that I ... A key step in crypto. Get your wallet today and make sure your secure, it's straight forward and only takes a few minutes. Transfer Bitcoin and Crypto from a broker or exchange to storage. This is ...

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