Bitcoin Scaling Solutions And Their Downsides - Law360

Anonimity. Chapter 1. part 1.

First of all, i want to say Sorry, because i use computer interpeter for text of my book. English isn't native language for me. I can talk with you guys, but text is really difficult to translate manually.
This book about near future in Russia. Sometimes it's full of stereotypes and some manners which are hard to understand for people from USA, Europe and ohter world. Almost everything creations in cyberpunk jenre starting like it's actually happened. In 30\* year or so. No one talks how it started. I try to do it. Hope that U will like it.*
Thanks! Have a nice day!
p.s. I'm always in touch on twitter, facebook and etc. Actually since yesterday on Patreon, Lol.

Anonymity is an impersonal property by the meaning of the adjective; lack of individuality, originality.
I would like to be born earlier, say, in the eighties and nineties, and somewhere in Europe or the USA. The point is not that I am not a patriot, but that it was at this time that progress made leaps and bounds all over the world, it was then that the concept of "globalization" became a symbol of the word "progress".
No joke, the flourishing of car production, a breakthrough in aircraft construction, the beginning of the computer era ... Of course, the Soviet Union took an active part in this, only there is a significant factor that would not allow me to enjoy the above to the fullest. The union died in 1991 and hard times came for the inhabitants of the entire post-Soviet space. I could only stand on the sidelines of all this, remembering the first Nintendo, SEGA, PC and other things that were attributes of the life of adolescents in those days. We were shoved from blue screens, as a given, that everywhere and the grass is greener than the trampled parking lot in front of the house, and the sun shines somewhere brighter there.
The corridors of the educational building of the institute, in which I studied since 2020, looked more like the ruins of an ancient civilization. On the walls there were many portraits of scientists from past years, those who seriously looked at students who did not know what they want from life and why they went to a technical university at all.
With the advent of the Internet to the general public, everyone decided that now you can learn from any corner of the world, read books and perform other useful activities. What actually happened? But in fact, people bare all their vices, the traffic of sites with 18+ content is much higher than that of a site with physical and technical content, which is remembered when writing term papers or theses.
The group of students standing in front of room 203 was no exception. If you look at them from the outside, you can understand what this passage about sites of a narrow focus was about. Here is Maxim, he is dressed in tight trousers, a purse hangs on his shoulder, the key to a fresh BMW is in his hand, next to him is a pretty girl in a skirt with a plaid and a white blouse. She smells of some kind of perfume, from which the nose clogs up and the eyes begin to water. She communicates with him, practically dumping her bust out, which he willingly uses. But why should he - a resident of the capital, who already in life everything worked out from the start, a girl from Ryazan province, who came to conquer Moscow - is unclear. First of all, it is not clear to Kirill and Mishka, the two ringleaders of the group, they live in the same room in a hostel and come to the institute in broken-down Zhiguli car. How many years have passed, and these piles of iron still plow the vastness of the universe. The guys do not boast about it, they work part-time in the delivery of pizza and sushi. The work is difficult in places, but if they are here, then they survived. They came from the Orenburg region in the hope of gaining a foothold here, who brought whom - we still need to think, but one thing I can say for sure, everyone needs friends, which means they will not be lost. They are standing with Vit'ka, a resident of the Moscow region, and therefore not in the hostel. The non-rubber dorms in Non-rubber city are beauty. And what he spends, like many of the group, two hours on the road, few people care. I stood in the corner and crammed notes. The rest of the group worried me a little, because I practically did not communicate with them, only on institutional matters. There were a total of twelve people, and in fact almost twenty heads were enrolled in the first year ... - Hey, Kit, look, - said Mishka, who came up to me, nodding at Max.
- I don’t see what to look at,- I looked up from the notes for a second and again buried myself back.
-She’ll strangle him with her airbags now,- he continued.
- Well, at least then Maxim will die happy, I suppose.
- It's already good to cram, the last exam. And then - final exams are handed over, and - freedom. Good already. You have everything on the ointment with the teacher, - Kirill jumped cheerfully.
- On "ointment" does not mean that I will not have to answer questions and take the test part. And there is a commission from all over the department.
- Listen, it's good to fill in, well, - Vitya joined us, - the whole department adores you. The one who needs to worry is her, - he nodded again at Max's interlocutor, - her whole brain will now fall out into the street, and by the age of thirty it will sag to the navel. It’s not the "same coat" now.
- Not understood?! Have you checked, or what? - Mishka and Kirill responded in unison, bulging their eyes at Vitya. - What's the difference whether I checked it or not. I'm just as uninteresting to her as you two are, - He answered.
- No, no, no, come on in more detail here, - said Mishka, folding his arms over his chest, which made his shirt start to crack at the seams. The guys got stronger from physical work.
- Yes, a couple of years ago, I arrived at the institute in my aunt's car. She lives in Moscow, near Sadovoe ring, - began Vitya.
- Well, I remember, she seems to have a Mercedes E-class. We rode at night, - with their conversation, they did tear me away from repeating the material.
- Well, - he continued, - my aunt was leaving for Cyprus for two weeks to rest. She loves me, she cannot have children, so she spoils her nephew. So she said: "Here are the keys to the house, here are the keys to the car. Simple equipment is harmful." I already refused, but she did not accept objections. We rode with you on the third day, and at the end of the week, this madam approaches, - he nodded towards Max, - and it began, everything is the same, the chest is protruding, hints and so on.
- And then what ?! - asked Kiril.
- Next, I collected a scholarship, borrowed it from you, and went for a walk. And that, then it seemed to me, the girl is not bad. We went to Cafe, walked around Zaryadye guide-park. Word for word, we ended up at my aunt’s house, and I’m not taking her to my area. Well, that's all, as they say in the novels.
- And the details? - put in Mishka, - Let's paint, otherwise we see the object, the fantasy works, but here it is.
- There will be no details, I'm talking about the bed in the bed, where you can't get, Misha. I can only say that next week after, we did not get out of it. And then my aunt arrived, and I again returned to my mother in the village. And she said, "let's go for a drive, and let's go to you." Well, I said that I live in a village near Yegoryevsk. She even threatened to declare to write, they say, I forced her all week ... It's good that the threats remained so.
- What are we going to do, Max is swimming, apparently, - I said, looking at how our friend's cheeks melt and his eyes grow cloudy.
- Don't piss, Keith. Look here, - Mishka winked and confidently walked towards the couple.
- Mishka, you would at least wash the dirt from under your nails!- Kirill shouted after him, to which he was sent with his middle finger over his shoulder.
- Let's see how the matter ends, do not distract him, - I asked Kirill.
It is worth making a digression here. Maxim was the son of the head of a department of some multinational corporation. He was not a typical daddy's son, he did not shine with intelligence, but he was not stupid either. He was also not a spoiled major. He dressed modestly, but tastefully, for the first two courses he took the metro, then moved with the help of his father to a second-hand German car. In the first year, we helped each other, all five, and on that one we became friends. When we could have tied a few lines of code together, Max's father started throwing hack for us. Also, he asked to help his younger talent. Who would have thought that from the fourth year the talent itself would be interested in everyone and the money of his father would be spent by all of us on a joint revelry, now in the hostel, then in the country. But we have postponed something. By the way, Max was always ashamed of his father's dachas and loved our simple dachas, in which there was nothing but a house and a bathhouse. And about the fact that we all slept - anywhere, I will not tell. The father gave Max a new car only the other day, when he realized that his son deserved a gift for the end.
The death of Vitya's father brought us even closer, it seems, in his third year ... His father was a strong man who himself left the city closer to the earth. He started a household and so on ... We turned out to be the healthiest foreheads, and carried the coffin to the cemetery. It so happened that he and his mother had few loved ones, and even those old people. Oncology did not ask whom to pick up. Vitya did not live with his aunt, although she always had a room ready for him. He told her: "Who will I leave my mother to?" So we were friends with our five all the time.
In the meantime, Mishka confidently approached the couple, taxied behind Max, shook him by the shoulders, said something, which made Madame's face turn red, and this could be seen even through the foundation, and now they already walked towards us.
- Grandmaster, not otherwise, - Kiril said on exhalation.
- I suggest everyone go out for a smoke, - I said as the guys approached, and we headed for the stairs.
So we, with our motley company, migrated to the entrance to the educational building. The big sign "NO smoking" got an ashen smiley with a mustache, beard, and who was not so cultured, painted what is usually painted on fences in the village. In general, the spirit of student unity was evident here as well. We lit a cigarette with our friendly company.
- Well, what, the last exam, eh?- I began.
- Yes, finally, and then already tired, the sun is outside, girls in skirts, and we are sitting here, - picked up Max.
- Yeah, is it you who fell for the skirt, or just got confused? - I poked him.
- Yes, she came, word for word, so, chatter about nothing, and I see that she constantly props her chest with her hands, but the look itself fell there, - Maxim began to make excuses.
- Yeah, and when the bodice is removed and stops propping up, I guarantee that you will want to put a basin, as if from a drink. This good will fall, like the bitcoin rate in tenths, and everything will end either with a wedding on a fake pregnancy, or you will pay off so that she does not apply for you, - Vitya continued.
- And how do you know, Vitos? You're still a quiet one. Probably, he didn't even hold on to the handle, - Maxim tried to continue the excuse.
- The best defense is offense? - Kirill interjected.
- Hush, Kir. Max, just the same with her and held on to the handle. Remember the third year, when we rode in my aunt's car.
- Let's say. I remember.
- So she was gone for two weeks, and we drank one. The second week I was busy with her, or rather, she suggested it herself, and I did not refuse. I ended up borrowing money from you in order to pay off her. As I remember, a shiver breaks through.
- So you said that on a wheelbarrow, which he threw as soon as he bought, - Max refused to believe.
- As you understand, I didn't buy a car, but paid Madame for services, - Vityok involuntarily grimaced.
- Oh, - Max realized, - I apologize, and thanks for the warning. I just lacked the Ryazan milkmaid.
- Do not forget about saggy tits, - added Mishka.
- Yes, Ryazan milkmaid with sagging tits, - repeated Max and threw out the cigarette butt. We followed suit and returned to the corridor.
There were still a couple of minutes before the start of the exam, there were even more people, room 203 was an amphitheater, which made it possible to conduct exams for a large number of students. Organized groups of students crowded, according to my estimates, at least three, which means about fifty people. That's really, wholesale is cheaper.
- So, gentlemen graduates! - the head of our department, a woman in years, but with an iron grip, and, moreover, an excellent teacher, came out of the office. - I ask you to take seats in the audience.
We are located on the same row, all of our five. As per the precepts, not far, but not close to the commission. If you sit close - you will be in plain sight as a crammer, if from behind - as a gouge. The tactics were working, the answer cheats were prepared in paper, jammers were knocking out the Internet and all kinds of wireless headphones. White noise was reproduced in the headphones, but our Galya (Ryazan milkmaid) was not ready for such a scenario, and upon switching on she began to look around the audience helplessly. We did not gloat, but we did not deprive ourselves of moral satisfaction.
Sweating over the ticket, I wondered, what will happen after school? I didn’t understand at all why I was going to become a programmer. I studied a little, something and somehow, but do I see myself in the profession ??? Not sure. Okay, war will tell the plan. I quickly wrote answers to three out of four questions, thought for a long time, but did not win. Okay, one more four, one less. Kiril and Mishka tensed, their foreheads were covered with sweat, but they write something tirelessly. The commission was already minding its own business and paid less attention to us.
- Pssss, - Max shouted to me.
- What? I replied in a whisper.
- After the exam we are going to my village house, to have a carouse. And I do not want to know the refusal. Pass on. Dad threw off the SMS, I didn't have time to say.
- So you wrote everything? - You offend! I got a favorite topic. And how many business card-sites we riveted, I will keep silent. So that.
On this wonderful note, all students were asked to submit papers. Traditionally, only those with a controversial assessment were personally interviewed. None of our company got into this number, so we loaded into the Maxim's BMW and drove out the City.
The Moscow heat, who has been, knows how hot it is in the megalopolis in summer, especially when the changed tiles get hot for the hundredth time, but the breeze is gone. We left the building happy and tired. The presentation of the diplomas was expected in a month, and today two B grades, A grade for Vitya and C grade for Kirill and Mishka. We went out, Max opened a pack of cigarettes that his father had brought him from Cuba, I think "Cohiba", knocked out a cigarette for everyone and gave them a light. Silently we dragged on simultaneously and headed to the car.
- So, - Max said sternly, - we don't smoke inside!
- I see, - we answered and finished smoking, standing near the apparatus.
I sat in front, as the tallest, the rest of the guys were in the back. Mishka was unlucky most of all, he was pushed into the middle, consider that he rode more inconveniently and higher than all those present, and the village-house was already beyond Sergiev Posad. So from time to time on the hummocks our friend switched to falsetto, while the others enjoyed the ride. Father gave Max a five-sreies with many options in the cabin, but not a very voluminous engine, so that there was no desire to drive beyond measure.
- Max, are we going to stop by the store? Is there meat, booze? - I asked when we drove onto the Yaroslavl highway, breaking through the Moscow traffic jams.
- No, Dad organizes everything. For everyone. There are booze, meat, baths and other joys of life. The whole house is at our disposal, - Max answered calmly and the joyful hubbub of our comrades was heard from the back row.
After some time, we drove into the woods, where we turned into an elite village. Someone lived here permanently, while someone here just had a summer residence. The father of our friend belonged to the second type of people. It's easier to do things when you live next to work and Moscow City is just a stone's throw away, then in general it is beyond praise. Max pressed a button and the gate obediently slid to the side.
- Wow, a house, - drawled Mishka.
- Wow. I saw this in the picture, and even then not often, - Kira echoed.
- And you would pay more attention to common girls when my father called us to celebrate the launch of their product on the market, - Max answered.
- So you were here?
- Yes, we were once,
- I answered.
- Uh-huh, - said Vityok.
There was something to be surprised at. A two-story European-style mansion among trees, with a large veranda on which stood a heavy oak table and chairs. There was also a tennis court at some distance. There was a large garage and a barbecue corner on site. In front of the house there is a lawn with various conifers. Before leaving the car, we smelled the smell of meat.
- Apparently, the father of his cook asked to cook everything, so you guys won't be able to leave hungry, - Max began, getting out from behind the wheel.
- So we were not going to !! - he heard the chorus from behind, and we left the ship.
We decided to go through the house, washing our hands along the way. Heavy oak planks didn't even think to creak when we fell out of the house. These are not modern plastic boards that prick and knock, while crackling like a Chinese bouncy. We went to the table, on which there were already salads, an aperitif was poured into the glasses. We drank.
- And what is this sweet muck? - Mishka responded.
- This is an aperitif, served before meals, so that you want to crackle more, Mish, - Maxim answered.
- Is it like - beer before vodka? Got it, - Kirill responded.
- Okay, I propose to start our celebration, otherwise, you never know, you will take whiskey for used oil, - Maxim continued as the owner.
- Young people. I am glad to welcome you! - a man in a cook's jacket appeared and began to tell us what dishes were on the table. In addition to the Greek salad, there was a warm tuna salad, and some other appetizers, the names of which I did not remember. From his speech, only Max understood the names, and we sat with our mouths open. Well, Vitya and I understood something, but Kirill and Mishka were sitting, frankly with the lower jaw on the floor.
- He's not cursing now? - asked Cyril when the cook left.
- No, he told me what was on the table and what would be on the hot. So, if I were you, I would pour it already, graduates!
- So we will pour! - Mishka took a bottle of Chivas, poured himself, - Who else? he asked briskly.
- Give it to me, - Kiril answered, for which he received his glass of whiskey.
- No, I'm white wine,- Vitya replied, taking a bottle of semi-dry wine.
- I thought there were no girls among us! - Mishka responded with a challenge.
- Misha, don't get to the bottom of him, I'll have vodka and juice myself, so as not to fly to the first space flight ahead of time, - I interjected.
- Let's have a drink already, otherwise you are pouring for three hours, - Max finished the squabble with a glass of vodka. - For the passed certification!
The owner of the house raised toast after toast, we ate dishes on both cheeks. To say that it was delicious is to say nothing, it was wonderful! The funniest thing was to look at Mishka and Kirill, who for the first time saw tuna not in a can, but in a salad, and it was also pink in color. Then the salads were replaced by meat, rack of lamb, ribs in sauce, steaks and various grilled vegetables. Freshly cooked fries teased with flavor ..
submitted by Suharrik to u/Suharrik [link] [comments]

Why Ethereum Problems Make UMI the Flagship Among the New Generation Cryptocurrencies

Why Ethereum Problems Make UMI the Flagship Among the New Generation Cryptocurrencies

https://preview.redd.it/8skuypxp9lj51.jpg?width=1023&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ba5a38ba592428f92dc7c1943a780ff127132875
Ethereum cryptocurrency that comes second in terms of capitalization on the crypto market is traditionally seen as fast and profitable. However, over the last few weeks it's had a rough patch. Since early August, the network has had huge queues of transactions pending processing while fees have skyrocketed and surpassed the historical high.
The main issue though is that even fees of a few dollars per transfer don't help get rid of the“traffic jams”. The cause of this is numerous DeFi projects and a huge number of financial pyramids based on the Ethereum platform. Both generate excessive load on the network.
The situation is downright unpleasant, and our users might question whether the UMI network could face a similar challenge? We'd like to assure you it could not. The UMI network is by default protected against these problems — it cannot have “traffic jams”, fees or financial pyramids. But first things first.
How has the Ethereum network ground to a halt?
In its report dated August 4, Arcane Research that provides analysis within the field of cryptocurrency stated that over the previous week the daily size of transaction fees in the Ethereum network has surged up to a record high for over two and a half years. On August 3, the median value #%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%80_%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%B7%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%8F)of the fee amounted to $0.82, with the overall amount of transaction fees totaling $2 mln. However, it only signaled the start of real problems.
Over the next week, fees continued to grow and by August 11 the median fee value almost doubled equaling $1.57. Larry Cermak, an expert at a big analytical and news-making crypto portal The Block, wrote in his August 15 tweet that over a week the total amount of transaction fees in the Ethereum network totaled $34.5 mln, having surpassed its historical high. Meanwhile, in the Bitcoin network that is seen as too expensive the fees were almost four times lower at $9 mln.
The total fee amount paid by cryptocurrency users over a week:
  • Ethereum — $34.5 mln;
  • Bitcoin — $9 mln;
  • Monero — $2,240;
  • Tezos — $1,876;
  • Cardano — $1,615;
  • XRP — $1,138;
  • BSV — $1,102;
  • Stellar — $1,059;
  • Bitcoin Cash — $1,027;
  • UMI — $0. Let's talk about it a little later.

https://preview.redd.it/z9azd9v6alj51.png?width=1600&format=png&auto=webp&s=25c365d6e14665ecda4a2b8d19b2fc57dd5cde1e
Historical Growth Chart for Ethereum Fees. Source
The existing situation shows that Ethereum is actually not as fast and profitable as commonly cited. Additionally, this could happen to almost any cryptocurrency except UMI that charges no fees whatsoever. We will tell you why.
Why have these problems emerged?
There is nothing unoriginal: the Ethereum network simply can't handle an increased load. Arcane Research analysts consider that a principal cause of this situation is the constantly increasing number of the DeFi ecosystem projects built on the Ethereum blockchain. Their number is growing all the time which causes the overload of the network. As of August 12, the total amount of funds in DeFi applications reached $4.3 billion which is 19.5% higher than that in the past week. At the time of writing this article, the amount surged to $6.21 billion. You can see the current data here. What is the most unpleasant about DeFi protocols is that a lot of them are scam projects.
Which is not the worst part though. There is also another factor that significantly slows down the Ethereum network. There are a lot of pyramid-like projects that are built on the EOS platform and use smart contracts. One of them is SmartWay Forsage, which regularly overloads the network with a large number of transactions, causes traffic jams, and, consequently, leads to increased fees (keep in mind that Ethereum miners choose transactions with a higher commission). Vitalik Buterin, the co-founder of Ethereum, revealed his disapproval of the SmartWay Forsage methodology and asked them to "leave and not pollute Ethereum ecology in the future". However, the project is slow to do this — it continues to deceive users.
This is only the tip of the iceberg of scam projects which abounds on the EOS network –– they continually emerge, work for a while, then go down as scams and are replaced with new ones. This never-ending stream of "investment projects" based on the Ponzi scheme overloads the system. This is the reason why Adam Back, a pioneer of the crypto industry and founder of the technology company Blockstream, equated Ethereum with such infamous projects as Onecoin and Bitconnect. Adam Back's solid dig at Ethereum became the subject of much debate among crypto enthusiasts.
Of course, it all doesn't mean that Ethereum is a bad cryptocurrency. On the contrary, it has a lot of advantages over other coins. But all that has happened exposes Ethereum's faults which must be eliminated. The problem is that they may not be fixable. It is far from certain that the developers will be able to get rid of all the defects as the system has huge scalability problems.
The crypto community has to admit that Ethereum, like other first-generation cryptocurrencies, has issues with capacity, fees, and scalability and is gradually becoming obsolete.
2020 is the time for young innovative cryptocurrencies such as UMI.
UMI is the flagship of new-generation cryptocurrencies.
In real fact, any cryptocurrency could face it. Each cryptocurrency charges fees which typically surge when the network is overloaded or the price is going up. Everyone will remember 2017 when in line with price growth and the network's overload Bitcoin transaction fee reached a high of around $40.
But when it comes to UMI, it works the other way round. The UMI network's advantages are high capacity, no fees, and scaling possibilities. It uses the best and fastest crypto industry solutions and excludes all inefficient methods by default. Smart optimization in combination with the Proof-of-Authority technology operating on the master node basis enables almost instant payments.
At the stage of network testing, an incredibly high capacity was achieved:
  • up to 4,369 transactions per second;
  • up to 262,140 transactions per minute;
  • up to 15,728,400 transactions per hour;
  • up to 377,481,600 transactions per day.
Ethereum processes about 20 transactions per second. It means that the UMI network can process transactions that Ethereum processes over a year in 1 to 5 days — and with no fees.
https://preview.redd.it/rwohnov3alj51.png?width=1125&format=png&auto=webp&s=4329b75c0bd8b7a22276b529f5ca433d17a0874f
The UMI network can process transactions that Ethereum processes over a year in a few days and with no fees. More details
What is more important is that less than 0.001% of the network's overall potential is used now. The UMI network has a lot of reserve capacity and can handle hundreds of thousands of times heavier load. Moreover, with scaling possibilities, UMI can keep up with the times. The UMI code ensures the safe introduction of any upgrades — the network can be easily modified and scaled with cutting edge technology solutions. In other words, traffic jams will never pose a problem for us. UMI will instantly process all transactions, with no fees. Always.
https://preview.redd.it/t0068th0alj51.png?width=544&format=png&auto=webp&s=019f46ec8c093480c4638cf098312a5a146134a8
A real-time speedometer displays the number of transactions processed by the UMI network per second. Link
Additionally, unlike Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies, the UMI's staking smart contract prevents possibilities of any pyramid schemes, meaning eliminates their negative influence. Our staking is completely safe and secured against scammers. Read more about this in our article. Any UMI staking structure could work forever. In other words, you can multiply your coins at a rate of up to 40% per month for an indefinitely long period of time.
UMI doesn't inherit the disadvantages of the first-generation cryptocurrencies. This is an innovative, carefully designed network based on state-of-the-art technologies. UMI is an ambitious step toward the future. And we're making it together right now!
Sincerely yours, UMI team
submitted by UMITop to u/UMITop [link] [comments]

Weekly Update: 24 crypto assets live on ParJar fiat on/off ramp, FantomVision PWA, $LINK + Voyager, $GHOST for $ESH Hodlers... – 17 Apr - 23 Apr'20

Weekly Update: 24 crypto assets live on ParJar fiat on/off ramp, FantomVision PWA, $LINK + Voyager, $GHOST for $ESH Hodlers... – 17 Apr - 23 Apr'20
Hiya folks! Hope the shelter-at-home is treating you well. As you might know that the super cyclone Amphan struck Eastern India and Bangladesh day before yesterday. As a result, I went into radio silence for two days. Now that I am back in the grid (albeit with ultra-super slow internet; this post took 4+ hours of retries just to upload pictures), let’s get rolling with the weekly update catch-up series again. Here’s your week at Parachute + partners (17 Apr - 23 Apr'20):

24 cryptocurrencies are now live on ParJar for trading with fiat in Europe, India and UK. This is massive! The new ParJar and #cryptoforeveryone masks look great Clinton! Designers in Parachute, Clinton is looking for fresh original designs for merchandise in the Parachute Shop. You can bag some cool $PAR and discount codes if your art makes it to the store. The #par4par raffle currently has a 500k $PAR prize pool. If you have 10k $PAR in your ParJar, you can claim a ticket. Get in on it! Foo hosted a Parena so that winners can get a taste of the raffle with their prize $PAR. Bose hosted a random TTR trivia this week for a 10k $PAR prize pot. Don't forget her rules: "you argue and you're wrong, you skip next question". Gamerboy's Tiproom quiz theme was a secret. Did you find out what it was? Charlotte’s Tuesday TTR trivia was fun as always. Victor hosted an animal-themed trivia for 1k $PAR in prize per question. Two-for-Tuesday continued with the ongoing series of letters. This week Gian got Parachuters to post music "featuring bands or artists whose name starts with the letters M, N, O or P". As always, super thankful for the playlist Sebastian! 136 music videos in total. Dang! Jason’s #wholesomewed prompt involved Parachuters sharing unconventional art pieces. "They can be made by you or someone else".
Visit the Parachute Shop for more epic merch like these
Uber cool #wholesomewed entries by (clockwise from top left) Fakhir, Erol, Pars, Georg, Eric, OilJam, Peace Love
Click here to track this week’s aXpire burn transaction. CEO Gary Markham wrote about Time Recording in his latest blog post. More insights into 2gether’s study about women in crypto were released. This is part of their original study report on female crypto consumers which was first published in March. $BOMB founder Zachary Dash set the ball rolling on a proposal system for brainstorming on ideas for the project. Click here for a sample proposal. For #XIOSocial discussions, Citizens talked about what interest rate would be ideal for $XIO when the dApp launches. $LINK was added to Voyager’s platform this week. Click here for the full range of available assets. Voyager also featured in MyFirstBitcoin.info's list of "Where To Buy Bitcoin". They also launched an integration with crypto trading education platform Market Rebellion this week. Switch announced that $ESH token holders will be eligible to claim John McAfee-backed $GHOST coins on 25th May. News of Ghost’s launch was shared in bitcoin.com, Cointelegraph, CoinPedia, Crypto News Flash and CryptoNewsZ. Neva Fomo’s review of SwitchDex was released this week. The winners of the #BUIDLonFantom Developer contest were announced this week. The FantomVision block explorer was upgraded to a Progressive Web App (PWA) which can be installed on your device as an application. The team hosted a monthly AMA in their Discord. This will be happening every month from now. A new technical paper on smart was contracts was published as well.
Bitcoin is a clear favourite for trading among female users
Bounty0x’s fundraiser on Republic came to a close this week with funding crossing over targeted amount by nearly three times. Founder Angelo Adam also shared a sneak peek into how the Hypedia platform could look like. Uptrennd Head of Community, Luke, started an #InfectedWithGratitude giveaway that brought 2 days of wholesome joy to the community. Founder Jeff Kirdeikis sat down for an Altcoin Buzz interview to talk all things crypto. IOST joined Uptrennd this week. Coingecko joined in the fun too. Awesome! Congratulations on onboarding 30k+ new users in 2020 alone. The team also set the ball rolling for a community-powered blockchain awards. The District0x District Weekly can be read here. Meme Factory now has a fixture inside the virtual world of Cryptovoxels. Hydro made it to the semifinal round of Ground Up Ventures’ March Madness Startup Competition. Congrats! With news of Google’s smart debit card leaking out recently, the team at Hydro discussed the implications of the tech giant entering digital banking. They also wrote at length about FinTech in Brazil and strategies to bank the unbanked. The team also made a presentation at the Canada FinTech Summit this week. For the latest Sentivate development updates click here, here, here and here. SelfKey’s $KEY token was listed on Kyber Network this week. Read more details here. The team opened up an AMA questionnaire form for the community. AMA date not decided yet. They are also hiring currently. Apply if you’re up for it. SimpleSwap listed $KEY and joined SelfKey’s Crypto Exchange Marketplace. To learn more about Constellation’s ERC20 to mainnet $DAG swap, click here. COTI crew sat down for an AMA with KuCoin this week. The KuCoin staking campaign (announced last week) reached its cap within 5 minutes of opening up. If you were hoping to be a mode operator, hope you reached out to the team on time. To read the fee policy, click here. $COTI will be listed on Coinbit next week. Main registration for Staking 2.0 was started.
The Hypedia mockups look great!
Pynk is now SEIS/EIS approved which entitles investors in its fundraise round to tax benefits. Wibson hosted an online meetup with Crypto Resources Academy for their Spanish community. This was followed by an ETHSantiago meetup to discuss data privacy. Harmony founder Stephen Tse was part of a Miami DevCon Fintech panel to talk about DeFi and blockchain in finance. Also, congratulations on becoming the top blockchain project by GitHub activity. Stake Heist was formally opened with bounties to find bugs in the Open Staking Testnet Network and build stuff on it for some sweet $ONE. Delegators were also invited to test the staking dashboard in return for $ONE prizes. Watch more about it here. $ONE got listed on WazirX. Ankr published a comprehensive Open Staking node setup guide. Another major announcement this week was that a chunk of block rewards from staking in the phase 2 testnet will be converted to mainnet $ONE. Woohoo! Click here for an early sneak peek into the new IntelliShare website. A quick introduction of the testnet Pacific Program was also released. In his latest article, GET Protocol CEO Maarten Bloemers expanded on the significance of contactless ticketing in the post-coronavirus world. The article was an excerpt from the team’s submission to the Dutch Ministry of Public Health, Welfare and Sport to explore possible opportunities. Maarten was interviewed by HKB News of Korea where talked about all things GET. Their crowd management solution was featured on Cointelegraph as well.

And with that, we have to say Bye for now. See you again with another update. Cheerio!
submitted by abhijoysarkar to ParachuteToken [link] [comments]

Eventi del mese: Febbraio 2020



Organizzate eventi? Ne conoscete altri? Segnalateli a u/-Defkon1-
submitted by -Defkon1- to ItalyInformatica [link] [comments]

GFD Misfit Prizes Giveaway

Every week in our discord server, we host a giveaway for our dedicated members, made possible by the generosity of our thoughtful contributors. In the month of December, we host multiple giveaways per week. We have been doing this for many years, and over time we have accumulated a LOT of prizes. It's time to tidy up, but we would like to try to find homes for these prizes before we delete the unclaimed ones at the end of the month.
All-Star Fruit Racing - Yogscast Car DLC All-Star Fruit Racing - Yogscast Car DLC Almost There: The Platformer Big Thinkers Kindergarten Bitcoin vs Brain Blade & Soul Yogscast Pack Call to Arms Deluxe Edition Upgrade DLC Civilization VI - Australia Civilization & Scenario Pack Civilization VI - Vikings Scenario Pack Destiny 2 (Blizzard Key) (+DLC) Dinocide Draft Day Sports: College Basketball Draft Day Sports: Pro Basketball 4 EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1 The Shadow of New Despair EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Blood Storm EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: BM03 Vegalta Gold EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Depth Crawler Gold Coat EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Gigantus DCC-Gogo Markings EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Gigantus DCC-Zero Markings EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Gigantus Tank, Bullet Girls Markings EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Gigantus Tank, EDF IFPS Markings EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Gigantus Tank, Natsuiro HS Markings EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Gleipnir EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Ifrit EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Mission Pack 1: Time of the Mutants EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Mission Pack 2: Extreme Battle EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Pure Decoy Launcher 5 pk. A EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Pure Decoy Launcher 5 pk. B EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Reflectron Laser EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Spark Lancer EARTH DEFENSE FORCE 4.1: Sting Shot Gemini: Heroes Reborn Gotham City Impostors: Professional Kit GRAV GRAV (Early Access) H1Z1 Trickster Crate Jurassic World Evolution - Ankylosaurus skin (Vivid Variant) Le Havre: The Island Port Magicka Wizard Wars Exclusive Staff and Blade NAIRI: Tower of Shirin NASCAR Heat 2 - October Jumbo Expansion Neverwinter Enthusiast Pack Puss! Rapture Rejects Humble Exclusive "Safari Outfit" Robocraft Jingle Jam Pack SMITE Loki Pack Streamline Early Access Streamline Early Access Swords and Soldiers 2 Shawarmageddon Tales from Candlekeep: Tomb of Annihilation - Asharra's Diplomat Pack Tales from Candlekeep: Tomb of Annihilation - Birdsong's Entertainer Pack Tales from Candlekeep: Tomb of Annihilation - Dragonbait's Dungeoneer Pack Tales from Candlekeep: Tomb of Annihilation - Tales of Artus Cimber's Explorer Pack Team Indie The Final Station: The Only Traitor DLC Total Pro Golf 3 Warhammer: Vermintide Dwarf Helmet DLC Wasted Pizza World of Warships Bonus Content Yume Nikki
ATTENTION: All game codes are donated and we cannot guarantee their validity. By entering the giveaway you acknowledge and agree to the rules as stated, and do not hold GFD or its members/staff accountable if a code does not work.
submitted by Jolojil to GFD [link] [comments]

TL;DR Every Gun's Meta Role + Some Modding

Sections: Every Gun's Meta Role, why every other gun is bad, modding and ak-74 recoil reduction/price graph, ammo meta.
Lowest Recoil for 545, 556, and 7.62x39 guns : https://i.imgur.com/E9ruaAJ.png

[Ctrl + F to find stuff]

Edit:
There seems to be some misunderstandings about objective facts about tarkov. Anecdotal experiences you’ve had do not change how the mechanics behave. Not penning lets say, a 6B47 with M61, doesn’t mean m61 won’t pen a 6B47. We know the pen chance of M61 on any given piece of armor, and just because you received an unlikely result does not mean it’s the only result. Similarly rephrasing otherwise damning statements doesn’t change the objective situation. Saying something such as “___ gun shreds armor with ___ ammo” is just a different way of saying “If I take the time to shoot the armor to the point of it no longer behaving as its armor class, then my bullets will go through it”. And I’ll concede you can indeed do that. But shooting an armor several times before your bullets go through doesn’t mean its equivalent to using bullets that go through the armor in the first place.
There also seems to be a misunderstanding on what makes a gun good. Most guns will kill someone if you correctly aim and left click on someone’s face. That’s the bare minimum for a gun to be useable in tarkov. Just because you have used a gun which can do that doesn’t make it good. If one can simply shoot someone in the face with the first bullet, they fire then what’s the point of bringing something other than a Makarov. We bring in better guns to make up for other short comings. Yes, if you shoot someone’s gen 4 6 times with 7.62x39 BP you will go through it. But that guy in the gen 4 can only has to shoot you twice because he brought competitive ammo. Don’t handicap yourself then say I’m spreading misinformation because if you just pretend a handicap isn’t there then then game is different from what I’m saying… also ap slugs suck.


---------------------------------------------------------

Every Gun's Meta Role

Guns with a purpose:
AK-74 / AK-74N: Only has a place in 2 scenarios. Long range medium kit and any range high kit. In high kit the gun will cost 100k but will have the lowest recoil of the automatic ARs. BS and PP isn’t as expensive as 995 and M856A1. For high kit the 74 is 2nd best if money is no problem but if you do even remotely care about money then this is the most reasonable high kit gun. If lvl 6 armor for some reason becomes abundant in the future then this will be the best gun because igolnik. Yes m61 will go through lvl 6 but the FAL nerf means it has too much recoil for mid range and the m1a is semi auto which kinda nips the whole “2 stk > 3 stk” in the bud.
HK-416: 2nd lowest AR recoil. A maxed one of these is cheaper than a maxed m4 but has ~8 more vert reocil.
M4A1: Well my reference m4 did a mega-morphin stat change. The best recoil AR in the game. A maxed M4 is very very expensive and using it suppressed borks the recoil.
Bolt actions: All of the bolt actions are currently just very very bad vepr hunters. However quests are a thing and there’s very clearly one vastly superior bolt action and it issssss a sniper mosin with the non-blue tape obrez stock and the 514mm barrel. Its accurate and its very light. Recoil doesn’t matter, ergo kinda matters but not nearly as much as weight. If you don't like the PU scope then you can use the “arbalet patriot K+W mount” and just use any sight you want without the rendering issues of the tri-rail. Only in tarkov will the objectively cheapest gun in a class be the best. Cough ak-74 cough.
Vepr Hunter: M80 strong so gun strong. It one taps to the chest, is accurate, has no rof cap, can go through lvl 4, the 10 round mags are 1 slot, and you can get it for like 25-35k off the market. Its just stupid good. Is it better than a m1a, rsass or FAL? No. Is it way better than the mosin, saiga-12, mp-153, mr-133, m870, ash-12, sv-98, m-700, DVL, and SVD? Yeah.
MP-7: Best CQC gun for medium kit (anti-lvl 3) because FMJ is very cheap, the bitcoin trade lets you get 40k MP7s, and the recoil is lower than any gun of equivalent price. The only exceptions are the VSS and p-90 which you can use for about the same price (given you can get a 50k p-90 and a 40k VSS) However the VSS mags are either stupid expensive or too small and the p-90 has too much horizontal recoil. Yes the p-90 has less vertical recoil but only your mom is wider than she is tall and she’s not a scav boss yet.
PP-19: One of the three “competitive” budget guns. It's cheap, has maxed ak-74 levels of recoil(with a recoil pad), is automatic, and has no pen whatsoever. Face shots or go home.
Saiga-12: Best “shot” shotgun and one of three “competitive” budget guns. There’s a rof cap now but its vepr 136 levels so for a gun with a 20 round mag max, its not “too much” of a problem. If you’re running factory then maybe flechette could work but holy shit with the lack of limb pen and the 19 damage per dart (152 damage if all land) you’ll be shooting the fuck out of people before they die. I think the best example of how this feels was a raid where I killed one scav and it took 29 hits to kill that one unarmored scav. Honestly just use magnum and go for face shots. 1 pellet to the face can kill so it just a matter of spamming in the general upper torso direction and hoping RNG gives you a head/face shot. That sounds really stupid but throwing those dice is surprisingly dependable.
Vepr-136: One of the three “competitive” budget guns. If you need range and don’t mind giving up recoil and an automatic switch for armor pen then this is your jam. Grab one of these for 15k off the market, slap a butt-pad, m1b, and dynacomp on it, grab a handful of 30s with T45 for the cost of a slightly worn t-shirt, and you’re good to go. The only thing that really holds this gun back is the oversampling cap. I click at ~450 clicks per min and I slam right into that cap and get ~100-150 rpm out of it. Its really awful. That paired with the RoF link to FPS and you can imagine why taking this into cqc could be a bad idea.
AKMS / AKMSN: Only good for budget builds. Because the ammo is cheap you can spend more money on attachments. But the amount of money you would spend on attachments is so much, you might as well buy a better gun. I wouldn’t bother modding beyond a recoil pad, dynacomp, and M1B and pretending its a vepr-136 that can go full auto for CQC.
ADAR: Crazy good right now. 15k for a rec battery gets you a gun that reloads like lighting, who’s accurate, who’s ammo punches through lvl 4 for 191 rubles a pop with good recoil out of the box and has no rof cap (aside from the FPS limiting it of course).
FAL / M1A: Since the FAL was nerfed and the M80 wont go through full condition lvl 5, these don’t have a role in high kit. In medium kit however these are a nice alternative to the ak-74 or vepr hunter. They cost about 40-50k because of trades and they have access to large cheap mags. If you have a M1A then its fine as is, just put on a side mount. If you have an FAL put on a baskak and an extreme duty dust cover(if you did the NIXX trade then dont forget to rebuy the austrian muzzle break).
Makarov: One of two reasonably accurate pistols in game. If you’re going to carry a pistol as backup, carry this for face taps.
Saiga-9: Instead of doing pistol runs, do saiga-9 runs. No one will steal it, you can get it for the same price, you got 30s, and the recoil is only 47-195. For context a Makarov is 510-325 (and yes, that's five hundred and ten vertical recoil)
Kedr / Klin: probably my 2nd most used gun behind the 153 and…. Its pretty good for a 10-15k gun. Its cheap, it shoots cheap ammo, it has 1 slot 20 rounders, it has weird recoil / point of impact , and it sucks. If you wanna to pistol runs, do kedr runs instead.

-------------------------------------------------

Bad Guns (for the price / in comparison to other guns)


AKS-74U: Literally, the only reason to ever use this gun is because its funny or because you want a gun that’s very cheap, functionally accurate, automatic, and has cheap 30 round mags. If you consider using something other than FMJ in it then you would better spend your money buying an AKS-74 or AK-74M for 5k extra(or sometimes the same price). The only reasonable plays you can make are face shot barrel stuffs or tippy taps at range. Even automatic fire at like 15m has so much horizontal recoil that its basically useless. And if you spend the money to get the recoil down you might as well just buy a better gun and get low recoil that way. The only time the 74U can be remotely competitive is using it as a head tap DMR but even then you could use any other AK or adar for about the same price.
AKS-74 / AKS-74N / AK-74M/ AK-105 : These are basically just an AK-74 but slightly worse and occasionally cheaper. Just sell it or lightly mod it and use PP. If you dont have the money for PP then just use a PP-19.
AKM / AKMN: Its the best 7.62x39 gun in game and its just bad. It costs too much, the good ammo costs too much and doesn’t have enough pen for the price, and it has unacceptable recoil. There’s no reason to ever use this unless you can’t stand high recoil and must use a fully modded akm for that shoreline scav kill quest.
AK-103/AK-104: Imagine an AKM that’s worse and costs slightly less. Just dont.
AK-101 / AK-102: These are just meme / rp guns. They’re a better option than the AKM / AK-103 / AK-104 but that’s not saying much. They’re just expensive and have too much recoil. If you cannot stand the semi-auto of the adar these might be the only reasonable non-7.62x51 automatic for anti-lvl 4 because M855A1 is so dirt cheap.
SKS: A bad vepr-136 with the exception of having a higher RoF cap. Mags are stupid expensive, mags take forever to reload, and the recoil is stupid high. If you’re a sperg and can’t wrap your head around mags then do the filter trade, put a DTK-1 on an adapter, fill your pockets with T45 and you’re all ready to feed that sks to the next pmc you meet.
SVD: Its a bad M1A. Its too expensive, the mags cost too much, and it has a rof cap. No reason to use it other than the quest. Honestly, I’d take a vepr hunter over it because at least then I can spam in CQC.
MDR: So you can grab these for 40-50k on the market and after an RK-2 and Bulletec you’ll have the recoil of a maxed AKM with like 45 more horizontal recoil. So 80k for an extra shakey AKM in 556. So basically its useless, juse an ak-74.
TX-15: expensive adar with very slightly better recoil. If you care that much about recoil then just build an HK-416A5
MP-153: The only good slug shotgun and it sucks. People like it because you dont have to fiddle fuck with mags but the rof cap + the giga-longness + the slow reloads means CQC is is awful. Which means its only place in the meta is slugs and then its just a bad vepr hunter. But not like a “90% of the way there” bad, its a “30% of the way there” bad. I’ve probably used a 153 with slugs more than any other weapon in tarkov over these 7 or so wipes I’ve played and the whole time I’ve held the opinion that fucking christ the 153 with slugs sucks but lord is it fun. But with the CMS kits and the mosin and the vepr hunter. The allure of being a little shitling scuttling about has lost its charm. Breaking people’s arms and legs at range isn’t a raid ruiner, the mosin can do 1 shot chest taps now, and so can the vepr hunter. Its just not a vile bog of misery anymore. It’s just an underperforming gun that has been power creeped out of any relevance.
MP-133: bad mp-153. it literally don't even have iron sights
M870: mp-133 but expensive
Toz: is toz
Grach: imagine a saiga-9 but expensive and people can steal it easier
P226R: Imagine a grach but for people who wanna play dress up.
Glock 17: Imagine a P226R but for people who really really wanna play dress up.
Glock 18: Was pretty oppressive back when RIP could 3 shot your legs but now its just a DPS meme like it is in real life.
Shrimp: imagine a 5-7 but cheap and with no 1 tap chest hollow points. This is probably your best bet for the pistol kill quest.
5-7: imagine a shrimp but expensive and with hollow points that can 1 tap a chest. “But can’t all 9mm pistols do that?” ….yes but they’re half the price of RIP.
P-90: surprisingly similar in budget to the mp-7 but with less vertical recoil but more horizontal recoil and 50s instead of 30s…. So basically the p90 sucks.
MPX / MP5: mil-sim scum. In all seriousness they just cost so much for being such limp guns. I know people are SUPER FUCKING HYPED FOR AP 6.3 !?!??! but its just PMM with less damage. It wont ever got through a lvl 3 armor for christ sake.
TT: a makarov but it costs more and can go through lvl 2.
M9A3: sounds cool
APS: russian g18 that can’t use 9mm RIP. sucks
APB: Didn’t get nerfed with the APS so its a giga-cheap suppressed gun. But it handles like a shitty kedr and the kedr already handles like shit so keep that in mind.
RSASS: inflated price because of the quest, prob will never be viable until it gets a better mag or the M1A gets a recoil nerf.
VSS: imagine a AS VAL but you dont get that AR skill recoil reduction…. But its cheap. Its actually stupid cheap when you consider how much recoil it has and that SP-5 is basically 5.45 PP. You can get an AK-74 with a PBS-4 for 40k, and you can get an VSS for 40k, but you cannot get a suppressed AK-74 with VSS recoil for 40k, or 100k. The only thing holding the VSS back is the drop on it is stupid. I could go on a long hot ramble on how it could be fixed and how the way tarkov handles balistics calculations is dumb but that would take way too long. Basically only use it with sights that can zero to 25m and you’ll be fine unless you try to shoot at something beyond 50m.
AS-VAL: a slightly better VSS (because AR skill) but it costs 50-100% more
MP5K: bad kedr
Kedr-B: suppressed kedr that costs 25-30k
RPK: The recoil stats are basically the same as the AK-74 but maxed they both cost the same and the AK-74 gets recoil reduction from the AR skill so there’s just no reason to bother. The RPK is heavier, shoots at the same RPM, will have more ingame recoil, and sounds dumb.
Vepr-209: bad
Ash-12: unbelievably bad. Maybe if it was 20k from a trader and the ammo / mags were cheaper it might have a place in the meta. But that role would be a shitty vepr hunter that’s cheap.

PB: 25k silenced makarov…. Yeah naw
PM (t): fireball machine

------------------------------------------------------------

Modding:

I’m only going to cover the guns with a meta purpose that I didn’t mention how to mod in the above section.
M4A1 Max: (if I dont mention a part, its stock)
Pistol Grip: Ergo PSG-1 (only for ergo)
Stock: HK E1 (or BUS if you dont care about ergo)
Buffer Tube: Advanced (red has more accuracy)
Muzzle Break : Bulletek ST-6012 or AAC Blackout and SDN-6 (same recoil)
Backup sightst: Magpul MBUS Gen 2 (only for ergo)
Handguard: SAI QD Rail(long) + Jail Break
Foregrip: RK-2
Charging Handle: Raptor (only for ergo)
Barrel: 370mm
Upper: MUR
If you really care about min maxing you can put a cobra red dot on for an extra -1% recoil
HK 416A5 Max: (if I dont mention a part, its stock)
Pistol Grip: Ergo PSG-1 (only for ergo)
Stock: HK E1 (or BUS if you dont care about ergo)
Muzzle Break : Bulletek ST-6012 or AAC Blackout and SDN-6 (same recoil)
Backup sightst: Magpul MBUS Gen 2 (only for ergo)
Handguard: MRS 14" keymod
Foregrip: RK-2
Charging Handle: Raptor (only for ergo)
Barrel: 20”
If you really care about min maxing you can put a cobra red dot on for an extra -1% recoil
AK-74 Max (AKM is the same except for the lantac muzzle break)
Pistol Grip: US Palm (rk-3 weighs more)
Stock: Zhukov-S
Muzzle Break : CQB or PBS-4 to be suppressed (is 7% worse)
Dust Cover: Fab Defence PDC (highest ergo dust cover rail)
Handguard: CMRD
Foregrip: RK-2
Charging Handle: Extended (only for ergo)
https://i.imgur.com/siZK34s.png
The sweet spot is about the Zhukov-S + CQB + RK-0 + poly 100 has 58-153 recoil (which is about a maxed ak-105 but for 57k)
I used to determine the data points by an increasing budget but now I do it by the price / recoil gain of each next part. So buying a polymer stock costs more / recoil than the zhukov so I just skipped it. Also why I skipped to just using the RK-0.

-----------------------------------------------------------

Ammo Meta:

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1jjWcIue0_PCsbLQAiL5VrIulPK8SzM5jjiCMx9zUuvE/htmlview?sle=true
Damage thresholds: 35 (1 tap to the head), 40 (2 tap the chest), 60 (break arms in 1 shot), and 80 (1 tap chest).
What we can derive from this is Magnum buckshot can kill with one pellet to the head. Igolnik won’t 2 tap. T45 will break arms in 1 shot so you can flinch people. M80, LPS, and 7N1 will 1 tap to the chest.
You should really derive your own conclusions about the ammo, this is just what I use.
anti-Lvl 3:
T45 for 7.62x39 for 70 rubles (PS isn’t a tracer but ps costs more and won't 1 shot arms)
PP for 5.45x39 for 152 rubles
M855A1 for 5.56 for 191 rubles(yes this is an anti-lvl 4 ammo, but m856a1 costs more than this)
SP-5 for 9x39 for 142 rubles
FMJ for 4.6 for 134 rubles
SS190 for 5.7 for 147 rubles
M80 for 7.62x39 for 237 rubles (also goes through lvl 4, there’s just no lower tier ammo)
LPS for 7.62x54R for 189 rubles (I just use 7n1 tbh)
Anti-lvl 4
M855A1 for 5.56 for 191 rubles
M80 for 7.62x51 for 237 rubles
7n1 for 7.62x54R for 322 rubles
Sp6, 7.62x39 BP, and AP SX cost too much to be considered for such an irrelevant threshold. Though its more relevant than previous patches due to the abundance of lvl 4. Though they’re usually pretty damaged.
Anti-lvl 5
5.45x39 BS for 554 rubles
The meta is just 5.45 BS or pay out the ass for sub-par return on investment.
5.56 995 for 800 rubles
9x39 BP is trade only, usually 1,000 rubles on the market
Not sure how much m61 costs yet, not worth it regardless and m62 is the same story.
submitted by JonseyMcDanes to EscapefromTarkov [link] [comments]

Ferrum Network Community Update — December 8, 2019

Dear Community,
What an exciting and jammed pack few weeks it has been — with the launch of staking, the 2Key Network partnership, and a major Kudi update — to name a few!
But as the profile of Ferrum continues to grow, it is essential we never stray from the fundamentals that got us this far: hard work, transparency, and a commitment to community.
In this community update, we provide a recap of the last few weeks, and look ahead to a few initiatives we are planning.
Business Update
With the release of the FRM Flexible Staking platform, we took that opportunity to kick the marketing into high gear. These marketing efforts paid off, and we were fortunate to be picked up by top influencers like Teh Moonwalker, Oddgems, and Micro Cap Gems. Here’s what happened the past few weeks.
Tech Update
For those who missed the Tech Update from our CEO Naiem Yeganeh, PhD, here are some highlights:
First Kudi Update
The First Kudi team on the ground in Nigeria continues to make significant progress.
What’s Next
It is critical we capitalize on the attention we have garnered from the team and community efforts, and to start 2020 with a bang. Here are some of the upcoming initiatives we are working on.
Flexible ERC-20 Staking v0.2
We are strongly considering launching another round of staking. We are taking the lessons learned from the first round and improving the experience. Community feedback will be key to make version two even better, so expect to see a series of polls in the coming days.
A Trading Community
A strong group of FRM traders who post technical analysis on social media is great for exposure and great for liquidity. We are currently laying the groundwork to build a trading community to come up with initiatives like trading competitions and special trading rewards. Anyone interested in joining such a community should PM Ian on Telegram.
FRM on Kudi
We have been working hard to add FRM and ETH to the Kudi app so our users can buy it directly with Naira. This will also open up additional utilities for the FRM token, including a premium membership program that will reward users for holding the token and using the app. More details to follow.
Expansion into other Markets
As you may know, one part of our business model is to partner with top notch teams in emerging markets where our fiat gateway + payments app technology can be successful.
We are happy to report that we have started to work with such a team in Brazil and they are in the early stages of launching their own product powered by Ferrum Network. More news to follow.
Conclusion
Thank you all for your continued support of Ferrum Network. 2019 was a really special year that we will never forget. But together we can make 2020 even better!
Very truly yours,
The Ferrum Network Team
Ferrum Network Links:
Website: https://ferrum.network/
Telegram: http://telegram.ferrum.network
Twitter: http://twitter.ferrum.network
LinkedIn: http://linkedin.ferrum.network
YouTube: http://youtube.ferrum.network
Reddit: http://reddit.ferrum.network
Bitcoin Talk: http://bitcointalk.ferrum.network
Facebook: http://facebook.ferrum.network
Github: https://github.com/ferrumnet/
Instagram: http://instagram.ferrum.network
submitted by tentbobert to FerrumNetwork [link] [comments]

Eventi del mese: Dicembre 2019




---
Organizzate eventi? Ne conoscete altri? Segnalateli a u/-Defkon1-
submitted by -Defkon1- to ItalyInformatica [link] [comments]

Recently bought all components and built out a (by my wallet) pretty sweet desktop, an in-home air purifier (I'm allergic to dogs but love my dogs), and some fancy, Spanish chorizo on purse io, all using Bitcoin Cash

Good day, Reddit,
I recently built a desktop PC, all from parts bought with Bitcoin Cash on purse(dot)io. I paid for all components using Bitcoin Cash: tower, processor, motherboard, RAM, SSD, power supply, liquid cooling, and peripherals (monitor, mouse, keyboard, speakers, etc.), and, per component received discounts ranging between 18%-30% off of the Amazon price. What would've been a $1600 build out was ~$1250, all parts delivered within 5-7 days.
Wonderful experience. My contracts were picked up by "earners" on purse(dot)io quickly, and orders shipped promptly and professionally.
I also pay for my VPN using Bitcoin Cash; Mullvad is the jam.These things are only possible with Bitcoin Cash.
*Edit* To be clear, you can pay for -literally- anything on Amazon (which sells god damned everything under the sun, right?) paying with Bitcoin Cash using Purse(dot)io. Shit, I bought some fancy spanish chorizo and an in-home air purifier in the same breath using Bitcoin Cash. I recommend a VPN, of course.
No other cryptocurrency can claim as much, and I invest/save in what works. Currently, what works is Bitcoin cash. If that changes in the future, so will my preference of currency.
submitted by bolognapony234 to Bitcoincash [link] [comments]

Subreddit Stats: CryptoCurrency top posts from 2018-12-29 to 2019-12-28 21:31 PDT

Period: 364.36 days
Submissions Comments
Total 1000 166290
Rate (per day) 2.74 453.02
Unique Redditors 660 27058
Combined Score 792038 1162121

Top Submitters' Top Submissions

  1. 26553 points, 23 submissions: Kashpantz
    1. When you are a known scammer in the crypto space and get called out by one of your investors. Exciting times indeed. (2573 points, 239 comments)
    2. The Gloves Are Off. Ripple laying into J.P Morgan As They Enter The Crypto Space. (2087 points, 556 comments)
    3. The Scam That Is Volitility & Fees (2076 points, 322 comments)
    4. Pretty much this sums it up for crypto and politics. (1836 points, 118 comments)
    5. Don't look at ATHs, the story starts when you look at ATLs. (1777 points, 223 comments)
    6. Is this unjust? Where a bank can shut you down for investing in the cannabis industry even if it's legal in your country or state? A perfect use case for crypto where it is borderless and censorship resistant. No longer the banks are the gatekeepers of our own money. (1656 points, 280 comments)
    7. Some Simple Tips to Avoid Traps in the Crypto Sphere. (1565 points, 251 comments)
    8. Complaining about a bear market will get you nowhere. Step back and always look at the bigger picture of what is being built. Good tech takes time. (1470 points, 281 comments)
    9. What kind of money do you want? Permissioned or Controlled? We still have time to decide. (1405 points, 310 comments)
    10. Network Values. Who has raised the most are often not the most important. What's the point of all of this? (1241 points, 218 comments)
  2. 17706 points, 3 submissions: mtimetraveller
    1. The true power of Bitcoin 🔥 (14644 points, 1280 comments)
    2. Microsoft Excel recognizes Bitcoin as a currency (2627 points, 164 comments)
    3. Anthony Pompliano is calling on all #cryptocurrency exchanges to delete #BitcoinSV on May 1, 2019, as a repudiation of the claims of #CraigWright and Calvin Ayre that #BSV is the “real Bitcoin.” (435 points, 130 comments)
  3. 11600 points, 13 submissions: coinsmash1
    1. Andrew Yang wants to Employ Blockchain in voting. "It’s ridiculous that in 2020 we are still standing in line for hours to vote in antiquated voting booths. It is 100% technically possible to have fraud-proof voting on our mobile phone" (4351 points, 586 comments)
    2. Bitcoin vs Gold - $180 billion vs ~$7 trillion market cap... (1551 points, 285 comments)
    3. Number of confirmed Bitcoin transactions per day hits highest level since last bull run (1132 points, 270 comments)
    4. Litecoin hits $125 as mining hash rate reaches new all-time high (983 points, 325 comments)
    5. Bitcoin at $8,000 (759 points, 172 comments)
    6. Just checking I got this; you can now cryptographically audit the ‘locked’ holdings of $600 million worth of BTC, ETH and Dai—and it looks like this has been in a bull market since Oct 2017... (512 points, 58 comments)
    7. $100 million in Liquidations over the last 6 hours ($60m Shorts vs 40m Longs) (485 points, 150 comments)
    8. 2020 presidential candidate Andrew Yang talks Bitcoin and Blockchain (432 points, 269 comments)
    9. $79 million worth of shorts liquidated 🥺 (349 points, 58 comments)
    10. Ouch, $28 mil of shorts just got squeezed into liquidation (313 points, 64 comments)
  4. 9313 points, 1 submission: flafel
    1. Ladies and gentlemen, $10,000 = 1 Bitcoin once again. (9313 points, 612 comments)
  5. 8750 points, 6 submissions: 1Lost_King1
    1. This is just priceless! (3989 points, 299 comments)
    2. We'll he is kind right! (1977 points, 202 comments)
    3. Yellow vests, Paris! (1202 points, 80 comments)
    4. Coinbase now has more than 30 million users! (909 points, 132 comments)
    5. Crypto is the way! (364 points, 59 comments)
    6. Strong words! (309 points, 81 comments)
  6. 8063 points, 8 submissions: jam-hay
    1. Facebook unveils ‘its most invasive and dangerous form of surveillance yet’ with launch of Libra cryptocurrency (2684 points, 369 comments)
    2. Apple CEO Tim Cook slams Facebook’s Libra cryptocurrency as a power grab (1209 points, 145 comments)
    3. Truth be told, this isnt the best entry point for no-coiners new to the sub to start buying into crypto for the first time so please exercise caution. (1134 points, 268 comments)
    4. President Xi Says China Should ‘Seize Opportunity’ to Adopt Blockchain (1115 points, 206 comments)
    5. Booking.com becomes latest firm to drop out of Facebook's Libra cryptocurrency (874 points, 82 comments)
    6. Tomorrow it will be a DECADE since Satoshi created the genesis block and Bitcoin will be 10 years old! (574 points, 55 comments)
    7. This classic from former IMF, World Bank & Federal Reserve Economist that predicted the financial crisis of 2008 (244 points, 69 comments)
    8. Facebooks Libra runs into immediate opposition in Europe (229 points, 92 comments)
  7. 7547 points, 5 submissions: hodlorcrypt
    1. Hope you guys have better plans for this evening than this (2952 points, 182 comments)
    2. Someone doesn't belong here... (1657 points, 321 comments)
    3. How it feels sometimes when reading the /CryptoCurrency Daily Discussion (1559 points, 297 comments)
    4. Happy Friday everyone. Hope you all have a green weekend! (1094 points, 98 comments)
    5. A lighthearted reminder not to spend more than you can afford (285 points, 41 comments)
  8. 7112 points, 7 submissions: Fly115
    1. Elon Musk tweets 'Ethereum' (2908 points, 459 comments)
    2. Don't get poor slowly (1861 points, 302 comments)
    3. I made a Cryptocurrency tracking spreadsheet complete with live crypto price updates, moon math, and a full history of your Portfolio and trading performance (Updated). (1151 points, 133 comments)
    4. Jordan Peterson tweets - "Time magazine praises Bitcoin as a potential bastion of freedom" (468 points, 383 comments)
    5. Elon Musk: Dogecoin rulz (256 points, 26 comments)
    6. A single Bitcoin Cash address is responsible for nearly 50 percent of the networks transactions in the past month. (250 points, 87 comments)
    7. Trade volume on Bakkt is at new highs. (218 points, 87 comments)
  9. 6814 points, 1 submission: dinono33
    1. This is why adoption and the US is so behind when it comes to Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency. Have a look at this shocking video from Congress. (6814 points, 720 comments)
  10. 6770 points, 1 submission: YoJoee
    1. Sarah nailed it. (6770 points, 397 comments)

Top Commenters

  1. Toyake (10153 points, 709 comments)
  2. throwawayLouisa (7600 points, 1241 comments)
  3. martinkarolev (5838 points, 106 comments)
  4. bortkasta (5216 points, 640 comments)
  5. Qwahzi (4961 points, 476 comments)
  6. bLbGoldeN (4535 points, 426 comments)
  7. hungryforitalianfood (4148 points, 334 comments)
  8. Trident1000 (3469 points, 309 comments)
  9. 500239 (3372 points, 606 comments)
  10. UpDown (3118 points, 346 comments)

Top Submissions

  1. The true power of Bitcoin 🔥 by mtimetraveller (14644 points, 1280 comments)
  2. Ladies and gentlemen, $10,000 = 1 Bitcoin once again. by flafel (9313 points, 612 comments)
  3. This is why adoption and the US is so behind when it comes to Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency. Have a look at this shocking video from Congress. by dinono33 (6814 points, 720 comments)
  4. Sarah nailed it. by YoJoee (6770 points, 397 comments)
  5. Trump: “I am not a fan of Bitcoin and other Cryptocurrencies, which are not money, and whose value is highly volatile and based on thin air.” by Tmfallon (6285 points, 1648 comments)
  6. How I successfully converted $1200 into $340 with crypto! by warnakey (5012 points, 582 comments)
  7. Andrew Yang wants to Employ Blockchain in voting. "It’s ridiculous that in 2020 we are still standing in line for hours to vote in antiquated voting booths. It is 100% technically possible to have fraud-proof voting on our mobile phone" by coinsmash1 (4351 points, 586 comments)
  8. The inevitable by AceOrigins (4342 points, 364 comments)
  9. Over last 3 years, Wells Fargo bank got caught. Paid gov’t $2.7 billion in total fines, penalties for ripoffs. Yet bank’s profit over same 3 years = $ 60 billion. Total fines, penalties = 4.7% of profits. Trivial. No wonder banks keep ripping us off. by skythe4 (4245 points, 215 comments)
  10. $12,000 by Phitzdisco666 (4173 points, 641 comments)

Top Comments

  1. 2212 points: absoluteknave's comment in Wife of Norwegian billionaire kidnapped – Ransom to be paid in monero ($10.3 million)
  2. 1668 points: thekiyote's comment in When BTC reached $8k in 2017, it reached $18k within 20 days
  3. 1655 points: Metalgear_ray's comment in BTC Dump: Pure Whale Manipulation
  4. 1460 points: flunky_the_majestic's comment in Isn't it scary? What do you think of this?
  5. 1272 points: Jobsternz's comment in How I successfully converted $1200 into $340 with crypto!
  6. 1204 points: CarpetThorb's comment in 99% of you won't hold through the entirety of the next bull run
  7. 1068 points: Brunswickstreet's comment in Justin Sun Not Giving the Tesla to The Winner they Announced First
  8. 1024 points: Lard_of_Dorkness's comment in Elon Musk tweets 'Ethereum'
  9. 1023 points: martinkarolev's comment in Still in its adolescence ...
  10. 957 points: willzyx01's comment in 99% of you won't hold through the entirety of the next bull run
Generated with BBoe's Subreddit Stats
submitted by subreddit_stats to subreddit_stats [link] [comments]

[Monday April 8 2019] Cats recognize their own names—even if they choose to ignore them; Stanford expels student admitted with falsified sailing credentials; Russia moves to free nearly 100 captive whales after outcry; Super fungus that kills nearly half of its victims in 90 days has spread globally

/blog

/worldnews

/news

/UpliftingNews

  • kcgg123
    [Title Post] Russia moves to free nearly 100 captive whales after outcry
    Comments || Link

/science

  • mvea
    Testosterone increased leading up to skydiving and was related to greater cortisol reactivity and higher heart rate, finds a new study. “Testosterone has gotten a bad reputation, but it isn’t about aggression or being a jerk. Testosterone helps to motivate us to achieve goals and rewards.”
    Comments || Link
  • ekser
    A potential new immune-based therapy to treat precancers in the cervix completely eliminated both the lesion and the underlying HPV infection in a third of women enrolled in a clinical trial.
    Comments || Link

/medicine

  • LastManCrying
    [Title Post] 'No need to tell the public': Super fungus that kills nearly half of its victims in 90 days has spread globally
    Comments || Link

/history

  • CreesC
    When does the need for having walls to defend cities became irrelevant?
    Comments

/space

/technology

/business

  • hipointconnect
    'Influencer Fraud' Costs Companies Millions of Dollars. An AI-Powered Tool Can Now Show Who Paid to Boost Their Engagement.
    Comments || Link

/AskHistorians

/AskReddit

/todayilearned

  • JamOnTheOne
    TIL Principal Akbar Cook installed a free fully-stocked laundry room at school because students with dirty clothes were bullied and missing 3-5 days of school per month. Attendance rose 10%.
    Comments || Link
  • persiancaviar
    TIL that Steve Martin's wedding came as a surprise to his guests. The roughly 75 star-studded attendees (including the likes of Tom Hanks, Diane Keaton, Eugene Levy, and Carl Reiner) said that he had invited them to his house just for a "party." To their shock, upon their arrival his wedding began.
    Comments || Link
  • PM-ME_YOUR_TITS-GIRL
    TIL that it cost $20 million to evict the last four tenants of a Manhattan apartment building to renovate it. The last tenant was so stubborn and savvy that he received $17 million of the money, plus use of a $2 million condo for life.
    Comments || Link

/IAmA

  • supercaz
    Similar to lab-grown meat, I am the co-founder of a recently funded startup working on the final frontier of this new food movement, cow cheese without the cow - AMA!
    Comments

/coolguides

/Cooking

/GifRecipes

/movies

  • RoyisOurBoy
    Official Poster for Parasite (2019), the latest movie from Bong Joon-Ho (Memories of Murder, Mother, Snowpiercer & Okja)
    Comments || Link

/gaming

/Art

/WritingPrompts

  • Lord_Vermoud
    [WP] You're a financial advisor. In 1994, you get a weird phone call from a man asking you if he can get any Bitcoin below $200k, and the call cuts off before you can ask him what Bitcoin was. Years later you get a call again from the same man, claiming he's calling back seconds after disconnection.
    Comments

/OldSchoolCool

/pics

/gifs

/videos

/oddlysatisfying

/mildlyinteresting

/interestingasfuck

/MostBeautiful

/aww

Something New

Everyday we’ll feature a selected small subreddit and its top content. It's a fun way to include and celebrate smaller subreddits.

Today's subreddit is...

/nocontextbooks

Its top 3 all time posts
submitted by kaunis to tldr [link] [comments]

Gonggrabber's ARK Video Contest: Thanks, Compliments, and Next Steps (Spoiler Alert: You Can Earn ARK!)

My Videos

Here is my winning entry of Gonggrabber's ARK Video Contest!
Here are my other entries:

Introduction

Firstly, I'd like to express my deepest thanks to the ARK community and beyond for supporting me in winning the video contest. I'd like to give an extra special thanks to gonggrabber for doing two things (on top of putting together a great contest):
  1. Awarding ARK to all accepted entries. This move gave participants a boost of confidence to take part and put out some really great stuff. I had withheld my comments on videos during the campaign to prevent showing any bias, but believe this, that silence is breaking today. I was thoroughly impressed with so many of the entries and everyone will hear those thoughts today. If accepted entries receiving ARK had not been a thing, I likely would not have made an entry. In a winner-take-all environment I would not have felt comfortable competing directly against the very community members I'm sworn to support. With all accepted entries receiving ARK, it made me very happy and comfortable participating.
  2. Allowing everyone to participate including team members. As a long time community member turned team member, I have the unique challenge of occasionally struggling to feel included in various community activities such as contests like this. As a team member, I must watch my words more closely now and avoid doing things like endorsing specific delegates, for example. Having the opportunity to participate in this allowed me to express myself creatively and my love for ARK, and gonggrabber will always have my biggest thanks for this.
Here's something else you may not know about gonggrabber. GG's been in the ARK community far longer than I have, and has been on this Subreddit for a long time. GG is not afraid to stand up to skeptics and naysayers with a signature approach being "what are you doing to help." Reading GG's comments have helped me through darker times in the Crypto Winter, and I have always felt all the more proud and confident with ARK due to GG being here.

Next Steps: Time to Earn ARK!

Now that the contest is over and winner declared, it's time to put the community to work spreading the word! So, because I have won, and in the spirit of gonggrabber's quote "I'm putting my money where my mouth is," I will be awarding a portion of my ARK winnings to the community in exchange for promoting the winning video. Here are the things I will be looking at regarding video promotion with instructions on how to get my ARK. There is a limit of one reward per person per method. Any action taken before this post got posted doesn't count. All rewards will be delivered to you via Delegate Cryptology's ArkTippr Reddit Tip Bot.

All this promotion will be for the winning video entry.

Retweet With Comment
What you need to do: Retweet this specific tweet with a comment about what you thought of the video. You can also choose to tag some people you think would like it.
What you will get: Direct message me in Twitter to @ArkStickers and tell me your Reddit username. You will receive a free code for an ARK Stickers pack, delivered anywhere in the world!
Tag Friends on Instagram
What you need to do: Follow @ArkEcosystem on Instagram. Locate this Instagram post and tag three friends in a comment, who you think would like the video.
What you will get: Send me a private message on Reddit before you do it, then I will see you do it and give you 3 ARK.
Send an Email
What you need to do: Send an email to some people you think will enjoy the video. You should use "BCC" if you are sending one email to multiple people, and make the recipient be to yourself. This will hide the email addresses of your friends so they can't see each other's emails, as a courtesy. If you don't know what BCC means, ask me before you send an email.
What you will get: BCC me also in the email, then send me a direct message on Reddit. I will give you 3 ARK.
Alert Crypto Youtubers
What you need to do: Throw a Youtube comment on your favorite crypto youtuber's channel, letting them know what you think about the winning video and you think they would like it. For spam reasons, I don't think you should put a link in there. Just tell them to check out my youtube channel "Ark Stickers" and they can watch it.
What you will get: Before you do it, send me a direct Reddit message first. If they reply to your Youtube comment in any way, let me know and I will give you 5 ARK.
Score Me an Interview on a Crypto Youtube Channel
What you need to do: Figure out a way to get a crypto youtuber to contact me in some way (Reddit, Slack, Discord, Email). I want to be a guest on their show and talk about the video, the contest, our community, and what ARK is all about.
What you will get: Send me a direct message on Reddit to let me know who will be contacting me shortly. After the interview is executed, I will give you 50 (fifty) ARK. I will continue giving you 50 ARK for each channel you get me an interview for. No limits on this one. I also do not care how big or small their channel is. One note: if I have to pay to get on their show I would not be able to do that.

Ask any questions in the comments of this post. I will continue to run this program until the portion of ARK I have set aside for this is gone. At that point, I will seek other ways to potentially keep this program running. Good luck!

Honoring the Participants

I have a lot to say about the videos featured in this contest, and even more to say about the talented community members we have here at ARK. I will now personally applaud and thank the community members who participated, showing them how glad I am to have them here.
Azure-Infinity. Developing on ARK, ARK Dynamic Fees, ARK Community Commitee, ARK Delegate Types, ARK Hackathons*.
When it comes to participation in the ARK community, Azure-Infinity appears to be in perpetual beast mode. AI has a keen grasp on media creation as well, both still and motion. AI's dedication to ARK cannot be argued, and I see AI participate in multiple ways within the ARK community on a regular basis. AI is also a proud member of the ARK Community Committee, collaborating directly with me on helpful community resources. AI had a lot of great things to say during 30 Days of ARK as well. I enjoyed a lot of things about each of AI's entries, but I especially liked the hackathon video, which combined live footage from youtube.ark.io with explanations and clean graphics. I can't wait to see how else AI will enrich our community throughout 2019. A sincere thanks for your participation here.
Zzzoem. ARK on the Go.
Z's video puts a crisp perspective on everything ARK has to offer from the point of view of a mobile user. Uplifting music and well-paced content with quick-to-understand "tooltips" take the viewer through what it's like interacting with ARK products. I was especially impressed with the fluid transitions, from Mobile Wallet > Explorer > Voting > ACF > Call to Action really produced a beautiful result. Impressed.
Ledgerdary. SmartBridge Technology & ACES, IPFS.
Aside from having an awesome username that is nothing short of legen... wait for it... dary, Ledgerdary is around here on the subreddit and always has supportive and thoughtful comments ready to fire. Ledgerdary also participated in the 30 Days of ARK and is obviously very knowledgeable on ARK. I was very pleased to see L also participate in this contest, as well. L's videos lay out complex concepts in a simple way, which is one of the reasons why I liked the videos. Thank you for making them!
TheDevils4dvocate. ARK DPoS, ARK IPFS Hype Video.
Let's get this straight first and foremost. I really liked the music choices of both of these videos, the throwback tech-corporate style of the first, and the pure fun hardcore choice of the second. As someone who does (albeit amateur) voiceover work, I was pleasantly surprised to hear informative voiceover work on the first video. I also really enjoyed how TDA slowly transitioned the viewer from Bitcoin to ARK concepts, kind of like entering a wavepool instead of just jumping off the highdive. The second video is hilarious, worth watching just to see the 'hacker' get comepletely brickwalled by ARK. Cheers- I enjoyed the videos a lot.
Fakoshi. ARK Push-Button Blockchains, ARK Pay, ARK: Get Involved, ARK Explorer, ARK Subreddit*.
I saw Fakoshi join the ARK Subreddit, and our little corner of the Reddit woods is better for it. Fakeoshi's positive personality is similar to Ledgerdary's and others here. If I recall correctly, Fakoshi also helped out with comments for 30DOA and provided some great insight on ARK concepts. F's videos are light, easy to digest, and give you time to think. I especially liked the concept of an entire video all about getting involved with the project. I'm very glad you are a member of this community. Thanks for your efforts here!
Travis-DJSelery. The ARK Crypto Podcast.
Travis is ARK.io CMO. Travis does ARK interviews, works with ARK partners, and handles a lot of things behind the scenes. I traveled with Travis to Vegas for the World Crypto Conference and Poker Tournament, and it was great hanging with Travis in real life and watching him do his thing. He also has a great sense of humor, as you will see in his video about The ARK Crypto Podcast that I host every week at https://thearkcryptopodcast.com. The video definitely got a laugh out of me. Thank you Travis for all you do!
Crypto_Mining. Long Format ARK Overview.
Crypto_Mining has a Youtube channel and following. CM produced a longer video, outlining ARK's strengths and benefits in specific detail, with focus on interoperability and the ARK delegate landscape. I'd like to personally extend a lot of thanks to CM for his entry and involvement in the contest. CM even took it a step further by interacting with his network of followers, teaching them about ARK and getting them involved in the contest voting process. CM proved a formidable opponent, but more importantly, an ambitious person who took real steps to get the word of ARK out there. A special thanks for your involvement and thank you for making the video!
0bran. How to Find and Vote for a Delegate, ARK SmartBridge Explained*, ARK SmartBridge*.
0bran produced some great content for this contest. The first video struck me due to how downright useful it is. I could definitely see my younger brother being able to follow these instructions and successfully vote. I also loved the music choice. It's peppy and chill at the same time. 0bran's videos have a slightly different aesthetic than others here, using the ARK.io visuals (even notice it's a motion loop). Nice! The videos were refreshing and I'll say again, useful af. Cool transitions too! Great work.
BroadcastJunkie. How to Send ARK Fast.
BroadcastJunkie runs ArkForIT.com, where you can spend ARK on professional infotech services, right now being enterprise-grade antivirus software. BroadcastJunkie is also very active here on the Subreddit, and never fails to lend a helping hand to assist the community. Aside from this video, showing how easy and fast it is to send ARK, BroadcastJunkie also made a full Desktop Wallet v2 walkthrough video earlier this year. It's really nice and even shows how to verify the hashes of the download, in the interest of your security. I'm very glad to have BroadcastJunkie with us. Cheers!
pl4tf0rm2. ARK is Cool!
Watch out Azure-Infinity, platf0rm2 is apparently becoming a growing force within the ARK community! P is very conceptually creative, and it definitely shows in the video. The entry is as uplifting as it is entertaining. I definitely laughed at a few of the funnier parts. I also really enjoyed the ARK "Deal With It" graphic. Very cool. The little asterisks are great. "Results may vary considerably." Gold. The community also spoke through a lot of votes on the video. I can only assume that P had done some campaigning as well. It was great having P be a part of the contest, just as they were a part of 30 Days of ARK as well. Two thumbs up! Thanks for being here in the ARK community.
johnblockchain11. ARK.io (Hax0r Style)
Yes! This is my jam. A short video with a unique aesthetic compared to others here. Perfect blending of ARK.io visual assets and motion effects. I thought it was really really cool. If I had seen something like this not knowing of ARK, I'd definitely be curious to learn more. Definitely worth checking out the vid. There are a lot of reasons I like this video, and it's like a "dark theme" of an ARK video. Thanks for making!
ChooseArkChooseajob. ARK Mobile Wallet Walkthrough*
CACAJ isn't posting daily in the Subreddit, but I definitely see consistent action over the months. CACAJ is definitely repping the concept of participation in the ARK Ecosystem in full force, even through the username itself! CACAJ also participated in the "Describe ARK in One Block Time" contest and had a great entry there too. One thing I like about the video is it gives the viewer a good sample of what it's like interacting with the mobile wallet. I especially liked the step by step process of adding a custom network like Phantom. I noticed none of your entries were in the accepted list, so please contact me in Reddit direct message if you see this ;)
saeedanwar92. ARK Overview*.
From my experience on this Subreddit, welcome! You seem to be a new face around here. I'm glad you made a video. It shows in a simple and direct way what ARK is about. It's a shame it could not fit into the 25 slots. Please contact me in Reddit direct message if you see this ;)
0toierance. ARK Interoperability*.
As a forging delegate, 'del' helps secure the ARK network, processes transactions, and even runs a faucet that awards ARK to its visitors. Another video with voiceover! Nice! I also really liked the stars backdrop. It goes without saying that delegates like del and the rest are a tremendous asset to the ecosystem. Thank you for all you do here del! I noticed none of your entries were in the accepted list, so please contact me in Reddit direct message if you see this ;)
pssf84. ARK Overview*.
Hi, pssf84, welcome to ARK! I thought your video was informative and fun. Another unique aesthetic, too. It definitely achieves the goal of making blockchains seem less scary, which is a goal of ARK as well. I liked the friendly music and seeing the kid receive a trophy was pretty awesome. Thanks for making your video! I noticed none of your entries were in the accepted list, so please contact me in Reddit direct message if you see this ;)
smuorfy. ARK Paper Wallet*.
A nice entry detailing the procedure to securely generate a paper wallet for ARK. The graphics were cool, the text-to-speech voiceover was amusing but also extremely concise and informative! "Paul" is resting easy knowing his ARK is safely sitting in cold storage now. I also noticed that it seems this was the only entry pertaining to the paper wallet. I really appreciated that the paper wallet was highlighted in this contest with detailed steps on how to generate and use it. Thank you for this entry! I noticed none of your entries were in the accepted list, so please contact me in Reddit direct message if you see this ;)

Once again, many thanks to everyone who was in the contest and our killer community. Cheers!
submitted by doubled1c3 to ArkEcosystem [link] [comments]

Searching for the Unicorn Cryptocurrency

Searching for the Unicorn Cryptocurrency
For someone first starting out as a cryptocurrency investor, finding a trustworthy manual for screening a cryptocurrency’s merits is nonexistent as we are still in the early, Wild West days of the cryptocurrency market. One would need to become deeply familiar with the inner workings of blockchain to be able to perform the bare minimum due diligence.
One might believe, over time, that finding the perfect cryptocurrency may be nothing short of futile. If a cryptocurrency purports infinite scalability, then it is probably either lightweight with limited features or it is highly centralized among a limited number of nodes that perform consensus services especially Proof of Stake or Delegated Proof of Stake. Similarly, a cryptocurrency that purports comprehensive privacy may have technical obstacles to overcome if it aims to expand its applications such as in smart contracts. The bottom line is that it is extremely difficult for a cryptocurrency to have all important features jam-packed into itself.
The cryptocurrency space is stuck in the era of the “dial-up internet” in a manner of speaking. Currently blockchain can’t scale – not without certain tradeoffs – and it hasn’t fully resolved certain intractable issues such as user-unfriendly long addresses and how the blockchain size is forever increasing to name two.
In other words, we haven’t found the ultimate cryptocurrency. That is, we haven’t found the mystical unicorn cryptocurrency that ushers the era of decentralization while eschewing all the limitations of traditional blockchain systems.
“But wait – what about Ethereum once it implements sharding?”
“Wouldn’t IOTA be able to scale infinitely with smart contracts through its Qubic offering?”
“Isn’t Dash capable of having privacy, smart contracts, and instantaneous transactions?”
Those thoughts and comments may come from cryptocurrency investors who have done their research. It is natural for the informed investors to invest in projects that are believed to bring cutting edge technological transformation to blockchain. Sooner or later, the sinking realization will hit that any variation of the current blockchain technology will always likely have certain limitations.
Let us pretend that there indeed exists a unicorn cryptocurrency somewhere that may or may not be here yet. What would it look like, exactly? Let us set the 5 criteria of the unicorn cryptocurrency:
Unicorn Criteria
(1) Perfectly solves the blockchain trilemma:
o Infinite scalability
o Full security
o Full decentralization
(2) Zero or minimal transaction fee
(3) Full privacy
(4) Full smart contract capabilities
(5) Fair distribution and fair governance
For each of the above 5 criteria, there would not be any middle ground. For example, a cryptocurrency with just an in-protocol mixer would not be considered as having full privacy. As another example, an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) may possibly violate criterion (5) since with an ICO the distribution and governance are often heavily favored towards an oligarchy – this in turn would defy the spirit of decentralization that Bitcoin was found on.
There is no cryptocurrency currently that fits the above profile of the unicorn cryptocurrency. Let us examine an arbitrary list of highly hyped cryptocurrencies that meet the above list at least partially. The following list is by no means comprehensive but may be a sufficient sampling of various blockchain implementations:
Bitcoin (BTC)
Bitcoin is the very first and the best known cryptocurrency that started it all. While Bitcoin is generally considered extremely secure, it suffers from mining centralization to a degree. Bitcoin is not anonymous, lacks smart contracts, and most worrisomely, can only do about 7 transactions per seconds (TPS). Bitcoin is not the unicorn notwithstanding all the Bitcoin maximalists.
Ethereum (ETH)
Ethereum is widely considered the gold standard of smart contracts aside from its scalability problem. Sharding as part of Casper’s release is generally considered to be the solution to Ethereum’s scalability problem.
The goal of sharding is to split up validating responsibilities among various groups or shards. Ethereum’s sharding comes down to duplicating the existing blockchain architecture and sharing a token. This does not solve the core issue and simply kicks the can further down the road. After all, full nodes still need to exist one way or another.
Ethereum’s blockchain size problem is also an issue as will be explained more later in this article.
As a result, Ethereum is not the unicorn due to its incomplete approach to scalability and, to a degree, security.
Dash
Dash’s masternodes are widely considered to be centralized due to their high funding requirements, and there are accounts of a pre-mine in the beginning. Dash is not the unicorn due to its questionable decentralization.
Nano
Nano boasts rightfully for its instant, free transactions. But it lacks smart contracts and privacy, and it may be exposed to well orchestrated DDOS attacks. Therefore, it goes without saying that Nano is not the unicorn.
EOS
While EOS claims to execute millions of transactions per seconds, a quick glance reveals centralized parameters with 21 nodes and a questionable governance system. Therefore, EOS fails to achieve the unicorn status.
Monero (XMR)
One of the best known and respected privacy coins, Monero lacks smart contracts and may fall short of infinite scalability due to CryptoNote’s design. The unicorn rank is out of Monero’s reach.
IOTA
IOTA’s scalability is based on the number of transactions the network processes, and so its supposedly infinite scalability would fluctuate and is subject to the whims of the underlying transactions. While IOTA’s scalability approach is innovative and may work in the long term, it should be reminded that the unicorn cryptocurrency has no middle ground. The unicorn cryptocurrency would be expected to scale infinitely on a consistent basis from the beginning.
In addition, IOTA’s Masked Authenticated Messaging (MAM) feature does not bring privacy to the masses in a highly convenient manner. Consequently, the unicorn is not found with IOTA.

PascalCoin as a Candidate for the Unicorn Cryptocurrency
Please allow me to present a candidate for the cryptocurrency unicorn: PascalCoin.
According to the website, PascalCoin claims the following:
“PascalCoin is an instant, zero-fee, infinitely scalable, and decentralized cryptocurrency with advanced privacy and smart contract capabilities. Enabled by the SafeBox technology to become the world’s first blockchain independent of historical operations, PascalCoin possesses unlimited potential.”
The above summary is a mouthful to be sure, but let’s take a deep dive on how PascalCoin innovates with the SafeBox and more. Before we do this, I encourage you to first become acquainted with PascalCoin by watching the following video introduction:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=4&v=F25UU-0W9Dk
The rest of this section will be split into 10 parts in order to illustrate most of the notable features of PascalCoin. Naturally, let’s start off with the SafeBox.
Part #1: The SafeBox
Unlike traditional UTXO-based cryptocurrencies in which the blockchain records the specifics of each transaction (address, sender address, amount of funds transferred, etc.), the blockchain in PascalCoin is only used to mutate the SafeBox. The SafeBox is a separate but equivalent cryptographic data structure that snapshots account balances. PascalCoin’s blockchain is comparable to a machine that feeds the most important data – namely, the state of an account – into the SafeBox. Any node can still independently compute and verify the cumulative Proof-of-Work required to construct the SafeBox.
The PascalCoin whitepaper elegantly highlights the unique historical independence that the SafeBox possesses:
“While there are approaches that cryptocurrencies could use such as pruning, warp-sync, "finality checkpoints", UTXO-snapshotting, etc, there is a fundamental difference with PascalCoin. Their new nodes can only prove they are on most-work-chain using the infinite history whereas in PascalCoin, new nodes can prove they are on the most-work chain without the infinite history.”
Some cryptocurrency old-timers might instinctively balk at the idea of full nodes eschewing the entire history for security, but such a reaction would showcase a lack of understanding on what the SafeBox really does.
A concrete example would go a long way to best illustrate what the SafeBox does. Let’s say I input the following operations in my calculator:
5 * 5 – 10 / 2 + 5
It does not take a genius to calculate the answer, 25. Now, the expression “5 \ 5 – 10 / 2 + 5”* would be forever imbued on a traditional blockchain’s history. But the SafeBox begs to differ. It says that the expression “5 \ 5 – 10 / 2 + 5”* should instead be simply “25” so as preserve simplicity, time, and space. In other words, the SafeBox simply preserves the account balance.
But some might still be unsatisfied and claim that if one cannot trace the series of operations (transactions) that lead to the final number (balance) of 25, the blockchain is inherently insecure.
Here are four important security aspects of the SafeBox that some people fail to realize:
(1) SafeBox Follows the Longest Chain of Proof-of-Work
The SafeBox mutates itself per 100 blocks. Each new SafeBox mutation must reference both to the previous SafeBox mutation and the preceding 100 blocks in order to be valid, and the resultant hash of the new mutated SafeBox must then be referenced by each of the new subsequent blocks, and the process repeats itself forever.
The fact that each new SafeBox mutation must reference to the previous SafeBox mutation is comparable to relying on the entire history. This is because the previous SafeBox mutation encapsulates the result of cumulative entire history except for the 100 blocks which is why each new SafeBox mutation requires both the previous SafeBox mutation and the preceding 100 blocks.
So in a sense, there is a single interconnected chain of inflows and outflows, supported by Byzantine Proof-of-Work consensus, instead of the entire history of transactions.
More concretely, the SafeBox follows the path of the longest chain of Proof-of-Work simply by design, and is thus cryptographically equivalent to the entire history even without tracing specific operations in the past. If the chain is rolled back with a 51% attack, only the attacker’s own account(s) in the SafeBox can be manipulated as is explained in the next part.
(2) A 51% Attack on PascalCoin Functions the Same as Others
A 51% attack on PascalCoin would work in a similar way as with other Proof-of-Work cryptocurrencies. An attacker cannot modify a transaction in the past without affecting the current SafeBox hash which is accepted by all honest nodes.
Someone might claim that if you roll back all the current blocks plus the 100 blocks prior to the SafeBox’s mutation, one could create a forged SafeBox with different balances for all accounts. This would be incorrect as one would be able to manipulate only his or her own account(s) in the SafeBox with a 51% attack – just as is the case with other UTXO cryptocurrencies. The SafeBox stores the balances of all accounts which are in turn irreversibly linked only to their respective owners’ private keys.
(3) One Could Preserve the Entire History of the PascalCoin Blockchain
No blockchain data in PascalCoin is ever deleted even in the presence of the SafeBox. Since the SafeBox is cryptographically equivalent to a full node with the entire history as explained above, PascalCoin full nodes are not expected to contain infinite history. But for whatever reason(s) one may have, one could still keep all the PascalCoin blockchain history as well along with the SafeBox as an option even though it would be redundant.
Without storing the entire history of the PascalCoin blockchain, you can still trace the specific operations of the 100 blocks prior to when the SafeBox absorbs and reflects the net result (a single balance for each account) from those 100 blocks. But if you’re interested in tracing operations over a longer period in the past – as redundant as that may be – you’d have the option to do so by storing the entire history of the PascalCoin blockchain.
(4) The SafeBox is Equivalent to the Entire Blockchain History
Some skeptics may ask this question: “What if the SafeBox is forever lost? How would you be able to verify your accounts?” Asking this question is tantamount to asking to what would happen to Bitcoin if all of its entire history was erased. The result would be chaos, of course, but the SafeBox is still in line with the general security model of a traditional blockchain with respect to black swans.
Now that we know the security of the SafeBox is not compromised, what are the implications of this new blockchain paradigm? A colorful illustration as follows still wouldn’t do justice to the subtle revolution that the SafeBox ushers. The automobiles we see on the street are the cookie-and-butter representation of traditional blockchain systems. The SafeBox, on the other hand, supercharges those traditional cars to become the Transformers from Michael Bay’s films.
The SafeBox is an entirely different blockchain architecture that is impressive in its simplicity and ingenuity. The SafeBox’s design is only the opening act for PascalCoin’s vast nuclear arsenal. If the above was all that PascalCoin offers, it still wouldn’t come close to achieving the unicorn status but luckily, we have just scratched the surface. Please keep on reading on if you want to learn how PascalCoin is going to shatter the cryptocurrency industry into pieces. Buckle down as this is going to be a long read as we explore further about the SafeBox’s implications.
Part #2: 0-Confirmation Transactions
To begin, 0-confirmation transactions are secure in PascalCoin thanks to the SafeBox.
The following paraphrases an explanation of PascalCoin’s 0-confirmations from the whitepaper:
“Since PascalCoin is not a UTXO-based currency but rather a State-based currency thanks to the SafeBox, the security guarantee of 0-confirmation transactions are much stronger than in UTXO-based currencies. For example, in Bitcoin if a merchant accepts a 0-confirmation transaction for a coffee, the buyer can simply roll that transaction back after receiving the coffee but before the transaction is confirmed in a block. The way the buyer does this is by re-spending those UTXOs to himself in a new transaction (with a higher fee) thus invalidating them for the merchant. In PascalCoin, this is virtually impossible since the buyer's transaction to the merchant is simply a delta-operation to debit/credit a quantity from/to accounts respectively. The buyer is unable to erase or pre-empt this two-sided, debit/credit-based transaction from the network’s pending pool until it either enters a block for confirmation or is discarded with respect to both sender and receiver ends. If the buyer tries to double-spend the coffee funds after receiving the coffee but before they clear, the double-spend transaction will not propagate the network since nodes cannot propagate a double-spending transaction thanks to the debit/credit nature of the transaction. A UTXO-based transaction is initially one-sided before confirmation and therefore is more exposed to one-sided malicious schemes of double spending.”
Phew, that explanation was technical but it had to be done. In summary, PascalCoin possesses the only secure 0-confirmation transactions in the cryptocurrency industry, and it goes without saying that this means PascalCoin is extremely fast. In fact, PascalCoin is capable of 72,000 TPS even prior to any additional extensive optimizations down the road. In other words, PascalCoin is as instant as it gets and gives Nano a run for its money.
Part #3: Zero Fee
Let’s circle back to our discussion of PascalCoin’s 0-confirmation capability. Here’s a little fun magical twist to PascalCoin’s 0-confirmation magic: 0-confirmation transactions are zero-fee. As in you don’t pay a single cent in fee for each 0-confirmation! There is just a tiny downside: if you create a second transaction in a 5-minute block window then you’d need to pay a minimal fee. Imagine using Nano but with a significantly stronger anti-DDOS protection for spam! But there shouldn’t be any complaint as this fee would amount to 0.0001 Pascal or $0.00002 based on the current price of a Pascal at the time of this writing.
So, how come the fee for blazingly fast transactions is nonexistent? This is where the magic of the SafeBox arises in three ways:
(1) PascalCoin possesses the secure 0-confirmation feature as discussed above that enables this speed.
(2) There is no fee bidding competition of transaction priority typical in UTXO cryptocurrencies since, once again, PascalCoin operates on secure 0-confirmations.
(3) There is no fee incentive needed to run full nodes on behalf of the network’s security beyond the consensus rewards.
Part #4: Blockchain Size
Let’s expand more on the third point above, using Ethereum as an example. Since Ethereum’s launch in 2015, its full blockchain size is currently around 2 TB, give or take, but let’s just say its blockchain size is 100 GB for now to avoid offending the Ethereum elitists who insist there are different types of full nodes that are lighter. Whoever runs Ethereum’s full nodes would expect storage fees on top of the typical consensus fees as it takes significant resources to shoulder Ethereum’s full blockchain size and in turn secure the network. What if I told you that PascalCoin’s full blockchain size will never exceed few GBs after thousands of years? That is just what the SafeBox enables PascalCoin to do so. It is estimated that by 2072, PascalCoin’s full nodes will only be 6 GB which is low enough not to warrant any fee incentives for hosting full nodes. Remember, the SafeBox is an ultra-light cryptographic data structure that is cryptographically equivalent to a blockchain with the entire transaction history. In other words, the SafeBox is a compact spreadsheet of all account balances that functions as PascalCoin’s full node!
Not only does the SafeBox’s infinitesimal memory size helps to reduce transaction fees by phasing out any storage fees, but it also paves the way for true decentralization. It would be trivial for every PascalCoin user to opt a full node in the form of a wallet. This is extreme decentralization at its finest since the majority of users of other cryptocurrencies ditch full nodes due to their burdensome sizes. It is naïve to believe that storage costs would reduce enough to the point where hosting full nodes are trivial. Take a look at the following chart outlining the trend of storage cost.

* https://www.backblaze.com/blog/hard-drive-cost-per-gigabyte/
As we can see, storage costs continue to decrease but the descent is slowing down as is the norm with technological improvements. In the meantime, blockchain sizes of other cryptocurrencies are increasing linearly or, in the case of smart contract engines like Ethereum, parabolically. Imagine a cryptocurrency smart contract engine like Ethereum garnering worldwide adoption; how do you think Ethereum’s size would look like in the far future based on the following chart?


https://i.redd.it/k57nimdjmo621.png

Ethereum’s future blockchain size is not looking pretty in terms of sustainable security. Sharding is not a fix for this issue since there still needs to be full nodes but that is a different topic for another time.
It is astonishing that the cryptocurrency community as a whole has passively accepted this forever-expanding-blockchain-size problem as an inescapable fate.
PascalCoin is the only cryptocurrency that has fully escaped the death vortex of forever expanding blockchain size. Its blockchain size wouldn’t exceed 10 GB even after many hundreds of years of worldwide adoption. Ethereum’s blockchain size after hundreds of years of worldwide adoption would make fine comedy.
Part #5: Simple, Short, and Ordinal Addresses
Remember how the SafeBox works by snapshotting all account balances? As it turns out, the account address system is almost as cool as the SafeBox itself.
Imagine yourself in this situation: on a very hot and sunny day, you’re wandering down the street across from your house and ran into a lemonade stand – the old-fashioned kind without any QR code or credit card terminal. The kid across you is selling a lemonade cup for 1 Pascal with a poster outlining the payment address as 5471-55. You flip out your phone and click “Send” with 1 Pascal to the address 5471-55; viola, exactly one second later you’re drinking your lemonade without paying a cent for the transaction fee!
The last thing one wants to do is to figure out how to copy/paste to, say, the following address 1BoatSLRHtKNngkdXEeobR76b53LETtpyT on the spot wouldn’t it? Gone are the obnoxiously long addresses that plague all cryptocurrencies. The days of those unreadable addresses will be long gone – it has to be if blockchain is to innovate itself for the general public. EOS has a similar feature for readable addresses but in a very limited manner in comparison, and nicknames attached to addresses in GUIs don’t count since blockchain-wide compatibility wouldn’t hold.
Not only does PascalCoin has the neat feature of having addresses (called PASAs) that amount to up to 6 or 7 digits, but PascalCoin can also incorporate in-protocol address naming as opposed to GUI address nicknames. Suppose I want to order something from Amazon using Pascal; I simply search the word “Amazon” then the corresponding account number shows up. Pretty neat, right?
The astute reader may gather that PascalCoin’s address system makes it necessary to commoditize addresses, and he/she would be correct. Some view this as a weakness; part #10 later in this segment addresses this incorrect perception.
Part #6: Privacy
As if the above wasn’t enough, here’s another secret that PascalCoin has: it is a full-blown privacy coin. It uses two separate foundations to achieve comprehensive anonymity: in-protocol mixer for transfer amounts and zn-SNARKs for private balances. The former has been implemented and the latter is on the roadmap. Both the 0-confirmation transaction and the negligible transaction fee would make PascalCoin the most scalable privacy coin of any other cryptocurrencies pending the zk-SNARKs implementation.
Part #7: Smart Contracts
Next, PascalCoin will take smart contracts to the next level with a layer-2 overlay consensus system that pioneers sidechains and other smart contract implementations.
In formal terms, this layer-2 architecture will facilitate the transfer of data between PASAs which in turn allows clean enveloping of layer-2 protocols inside layer-1 much in the same way that HTTP lives inside TCP.
To summarize:
· The layer-2 consensus method is separate from the layer-1 Proof-of-Work. This layer-2 consensus method is independent and flexible. A sidechain – based on a single encompassing PASA – could apply Proof-of-Stake (POS), Delegated Proof-of-Stake (DPOS), or Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG) as the consensus system of its choice.
· Such a layer-2 smart contract platform can be written in any languages.
· Layer-2 sidechains will also provide very strong anonymity since funds are all pooled and keys are not used to unlock them.
· This layer-2 architecture is ingenious in which the computation is separate from layer-2 consensus, in effect removing any bottleneck.
· Horizontal scaling exists in this paradigm as there is no interdependence between smart contracts and states are not managed by slow sidechains.
· Speed and scalability are fully independent of PascalCoin.
One would be able to run the entire global financial system on PascalCoin’s infinitely scalable smart contract platform and it would still scale infinitely. In fact, this layer-2 architecture would be exponentially faster than Ethereum even after its sharding is implemented.
All this is the main focus of PascalCoin’s upcoming version 5 in 2019. A whitepaper add-on for this major upgrade will be released in early 2019.
Part #8: RandomHash Algorithm
Surely there must be some tradeoffs to PascalCoin’s impressive capabilities, you might be asking yourself. One might bring up the fact that PascalCoin’s layer-1 is based on Proof-of-Work and is thus susceptible to mining centralization. This would be a fallacy as PascalCoin has pioneered the very first true ASIC, GPU, and dual-mining resistant algorithm known as RandomHash that obliterates anything that is not CPU based and gives all the power back to solo miners.
Here is the official description of RandomHash:
“RandomHash is a high-level cryptographic hash algorithm that combines other well-known hash primitives in a highly serial manner. The distinguishing feature is that calculations for a nonce are dependent on partial calculations of other nonces, selected at random. This allows a serial hasher (CPU) to re-use these partial calculations in subsequent mining saving 50% or more of the work-load. Parallel hashers (GPU) cannot benefit from this optimization since the optimal nonce-set cannot be pre-calculated as it is determined on-the-fly. As a result, parallel hashers (GPU) are required to perform the full workload for every nonce. Also, the algorithm results in 10x memory bloat for a parallel implementation. In addition to its serial nature, it is branch-heavy and recursive making in optimal for CPU-only mining.”
One might be understandably skeptical of any Proof-of-Work algorithm that solves ASIC and GPU centralization once for all because there have been countless proposals being thrown around for various algorithms since the dawn of Bitcoin. Is RandomHash truly the ASIC & GPU killer that it claims to be?
Herman Schoenfeld, the inventor behind RandomHash, described his algorithm in the following:
“RandomHash offers endless ASIC-design breaking surface due to its use of recursion, hash algo selection, memory hardness and random number generation.
For example, changing how round hash selection is made and/or random number generator algo and/or checksum algo and/or their sequencing will totally break an ASIC design. Conceptually if you can significantly change the structure of the output assembly whilst keeping the high-level algorithm as invariant as possible, the ASIC design will necessarily require proportional restructuring. This results from the fact that ASIC designs mirror the ASM of the algorithm rather than the algorithm itself.”
Polyminer1 (pseudonym), one of the members of the PascalCoin core team who developed RHMiner (official software for mining RandomHash), claimed as follows:
“The design of RandomHash is, to my experience, a genuine innovation. I’ve been 30 years in the field. I’ve rarely been surprised by anything. RandomHash was one of my rare surprises. It’s elegant, simple, and achieves resistance in all fronts.”
PascalCoin may have been the first party to achieve the race of what could possibly be described as the “God algorithm” for Proof-of-Work cryptocurrencies. Look no further than one of Monero’s core developers since 2015, Howard Chu. In September 2018, Howard declared that he has found a solution, called RandomJS, to permanently keep ASICs off the network without repetitive algorithm changes. This solution actually closely mirrors RandomHash’s algorithm. Discussing about his algorithm, Howard asserted that “RandomJS is coming at the problem from a direction that nobody else is.”
Link to Howard Chu’s article on RandomJS:
https://www.coindesk.com/one-musicians-creative-solution-to-drive-asics-off-monero
Yet when Herman was asked about Howard’s approach, he responded:
“Yes, looks like it may work although using Javascript was a bit much. They should’ve just used an assembly subset and generated random ASM programs. In a way, RandomHash does this with its repeated use of random mem-transforms during expansion phase.”
In the end, PascalCoin may have successfully implemented the most revolutionary Proof-of-Work algorithm, one that eclipses Howard’s burgeoning vision, to date that almost nobody knows about. To learn more about RandomHash, refer to the following resources:
RandomHash whitepaper:
https://www.pascalcoin.org/storage/whitepapers/RandomHash_Whitepaper.pdf
Technical proposal for RandomHash:
https://github.com/PascalCoin/PascalCoin/blob/mastePIP/PIP-0009.md
Someone might claim that PascalCoin still suffers from mining centralization after RandomHash, and this is somewhat misleading as will be explained in part #10.
Part #9: Fair Distribution and Governance
Not only does PascalCoin rest on superior technology, but it also has its roots in the correct philosophy of decentralized distribution and governance. There was no ICO or pre-mine, and the developer fund exists as a percentage of mining rewards as voted by the community. This developer fund is 100% governed by a decentralized autonomous organization – currently facilitated by the PascalCoin Foundation – that will eventually be transformed into an autonomous smart contract platform. Not only is the developer fund voted upon by the community, but PascalCoin’s development roadmap is also voted upon the community via the Protocol Improvement Proposals (PIPs).
This decentralized governance also serves an important benefit as a powerful deterrent to unseemly fork wars that befall many cryptocurrencies.
Part #10: Common Misconceptions of PascalCoin
“The branding is terrible”
PascalCoin is currently working very hard on its image and is preparing for several branding and marketing initiatives in the short term. For example, two of the core developers of the PascalCoin recently interviewed with the Fox Business Network. A YouTube replay of this interview will be heavily promoted.
Some people object to the name PascalCoin. First, it’s worth noting that PascalCoin is the name of the project while Pascal is the name of the underlying currency. Secondly, Google and YouTube received excessive criticisms back then in the beginning with their name choices. Look at where those companies are nowadays – surely a somewhat similar situation faces PascalCoin until the name’s familiarity percolates into the public.
“The wallet GUI is terrible”
As the team is run by a small yet extremely dedicated developers, multiple priorities can be challenging to juggle. The lack of funding through an ICO or a pre-mine also makes it challenging to accelerate development. The top priority of the core developers is to continue developing full-time on the groundbreaking technology that PascalCoin offers. In the meantime, an updated and user-friendly wallet GUI has been worked upon for some time and will be released in due time. Rome wasn’t built in one day.
“One would need to purchase a PASA in the first place”
This is a complicated topic since PASAs need to be commoditized by the SafeBox’s design, meaning that PASAs cannot be obtained at no charge to prevent systematic abuse. This raises two seemingly valid concerns:
· As a chicken and egg problem, how would one purchase a PASA using Pascal in the first place if one cannot obtain Pascal without a PASA?
· How would the price of PASAs stay low and affordable in the face of significant demand?
With regards to the chicken and egg problem, there are many ways – some finished and some unfinished – to obtain your first PASA as explained on the “Get Started” page on the PascalCoin website:
https://www.pascalcoin.org/get_started
More importantly, however, is the fact that there are few methods that can get your first PASA for free. The team will also release another method soon in which you could obtain your first PASA for free via a single SMS message. This would probably become by far the simplest and the easiest way to obtain your first PASA for free. There will be more new ways to easily obtain your first PASA for free down the road.
What about ensuring the PASA market at large remains inexpensive and affordable following your first (and probably free) PASA acquisition? This would be achieved in two ways:
· Decentralized governance of the PASA economics per the explanation in the FAQ section on the bottom of the PascalCoin website (https://www.pascalcoin.org/)
· Unlimited and free pseudo-PASAs based on layer-2 in the next version release.
“PascalCoin is still centralized after the release of RandomHash”
Did the implementation of RandomHash from version 4 live up to its promise?
The official goals of RandomHash were as follow:
(1) Implement a GPU & ASIC resistant hash algorithm
(2) Eliminate dual mining
The two goals above were achieved by every possible measure.
Yet a mining pool, Nanopool, was able to regain its hash majority after a significant but a temporary dip.
The official conclusion is that, from a probabilistic viewpoint, solo miners are more profitable than pool miners. However, pool mining is enticing for solo miners who 1) have limited hardware as it ensures a steady income instead of highly profitable but probabilistic income via solo mining, and 2) who prefer convenient software and/or GUI.
What is the next step, then? While the barrier of entry for solo miners has successfully been put down, additional work needs to be done. The PascalCoin team and the community are earnestly investigating additional steps to improve mining decentralization with respect to pool mining specifically to add on top of RandomHash’s successful elimination of GPU, ASIC, and dual-mining dominance.
It is likely that the PascalCoin community will promote the following two initiatives in the near future:
(1) Establish a community-driven, nonprofit mining pool with attractive incentives.
(2) Optimize RHMiner, PascalCoin’s official solo mining software, for performance upgrades.
A single pool dominance is likely short lived once more options emerge for individual CPU miners who want to avoid solo mining for whatever reason(s).
Let us use Bitcoin as an example. Bitcoin mining is dominated by ASICs and mining pools but no single pool is – at the time of this writing – even close on obtaining the hash majority. With CPU solo mining being a feasible option in conjunction with ASIC and GPU mining eradication with RandomHash, the future hash rate distribution of PascalCoin would be far more promising than Bitcoin’s hash rate distribution.
PascalCoin is the Unicorn Cryptocurrency
If you’ve read this far, let’s cut straight to the point: PascalCoin IS the unicorn cryptocurrency.
It is worth noting that PascalCoin is still a young cryptocurrency as it was launched at the end of 2016. This means that many features are still work in progress such as zn-SNARKs, smart contracts, and pool decentralization to name few. However, it appears that all of the unicorn criteria are within PascalCoin’s reach once PascalCoin’s technical roadmap is mostly completed.
Based on this expository on PascalCoin’s technology, there is every reason to believe that PascalCoin is the unicorn cryptocurrency. PascalCoin also solves two fundamental blockchain problems beyond the unicorn criteria that were previously considered unsolvable: blockchain size and simple address system. The SafeBox pushes PascalCoin to the forefront of cryptocurrency zeitgeist since it is a superior solution compared to UTXO, Directed Acyclic Graph (DAG), Block Lattice, Tangle, and any other blockchain innovations.


THE UNICORN

Author: Tyler Swob
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While Bitcoin’s fees have fluctuated between a few cents and $30, Bitcoin Cash’s fees have never risen above $1 and have steadily decreased to an average fee of $0.003 per transaction. This could become a moot point as Bitcoin developers work on solutions to reduce fees to near-zero, but again, as of today, which is what I’m focused on ... Once set up with a bitcoin or bitcoin cash wallet and some coins, using and sending them is pretty easy. Part of this process involves paying a transaction fee, which is a small amount of coin ... A: One Bitcoin is worth 1,518,819 Pakistani Rupees today. Q: Is the Bitcoin going up or down against the Pakistani Rupee? A: Today’s exchange rate (1,518,819) decrease compared to yesterday’s rate (1,518,878). Q: What is 50 Bitcoin in Pakistani Rupees? A: 50 Bitcoin buys 75,940,968 Pakistani Rupees at interbank exchange rates. Bitcoin scalability problemHowever, a Block has a limit on its size, which can cause jams. Within the next hour) costs around $13.46. ... In July 2016 and the reward for miners was bitcoin exchange comparison reduced to Bitcoin per block.Help others find it by bitcoin transactions per block applauding or sharing. Many have asked why Satoshi ... In recent weeks, stories about bitcoin have become more dominant as the digital currency’s value has skyrocketed, almost tripling in the last three months from $2,000 per digital coin in mid ...

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1 Bitcoin In Day 4 WebSite mining Automatically - YouTube

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